Advertisement

Topics

In vitro comparison of commensal, probiotic and pathogenic strains of Enterococcus faecalis.

06:00 EST 22nd February 2012 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In vitro comparison of commensal, probiotic and pathogenic strains of Enterococcus faecalis."

In vivo studies have provided evidence that micro-organisms have important roles in immunological, digestive and respiratory functions, conferring health benefits on the host. Several in vitro methods have been advised for the initial screening of microbes with potential health effects. The objective of the present study was to employ such in vitro methodology to characterise different strains of Enterococcus faecalis. The characteristics of a commercial product marketed as a probiotic, Symbioflor-1 (Symbiopharm), were compared with the characteristics of both pathogenic and commensal strains. Tolerance towards low pH and viability after exposure to human gastric and duodenal juices were assayed. Symbioflor-1 was the most susceptible strain to these treatments when compared with the other E. faecalis strains. Furthermore, Symbioflor-1 exhibited the lowest adhesion capacity to intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) and mucus. Competitive binding studies using heparin indicated that glycosaminoglycans might be involved in the adhesion to IEC, but also that differences in these putative bacteria-host interactions do not cause the relative low adhesion capacity of Symbioflor-1. Maturation of dendritic cells (DC) after exposure to bacteria was assayed as an indication of an immunomodulatory effect. All strains induced a moderate elevation of the DC maturation markers CD83 and CD86; however, no strain-specific differences were detected. Correlations between in vitro and in vivo studies are discussed. Although in vitro assaying is a rational starting point for the selection of microbes with a potential health benefit, it is emphasised that human clinical trials are the definite tool for establishing probiotic status.

Affiliation

Faculty of Engineering, Østfold University College, NO-1757 Halden, Norway.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The British journal of nutrition
ISSN: 1475-2662
Pages: 1-11

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [12462 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Rapid molecular identification of fecal origin-colonies growing on Enterococcus spp.-specific culture methods.

The mEI, Chromocult(®) enterococci, and m-Enterococcus culture-based methods used to assess water quality by the detection of Enterococcus spp. were first compared in terms of sensitivity using (1) 4...

Comprehensive analysis of phospholipids and glycolipids in the opportunistic pathogen Enterococcus faecalis.

Enterococcus faecalis is a Gram-positive, opportunistic, pathogenic bacterium that causes a significant number of antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitalized patients. The development of antibioti...

Evaluation of 4% Sodium Hypochlorite in eliminating Enterococcus faecalis from the Root Canal when Used with Three Irrigation Methods: An in vitro Study.

Endodontic treatment removes all pathogens, such as Enterococcus faecalis from pulp and root canals. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of sodium hypo-chlorite (NaOCl) in removing E. fa...

Strain-specific inhibition of the adherence of uropathogenic bacteria to bladder cells by probiotic Lactobacillus spp.

Urinary tract infections (UTI), one of most common infections worldwide, face high recurrence rates and increasing antimicrobial resistance. Probiotic bacteria, especially of the genus Lactobacillus a...

Antibacterial Efficacy of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Extract against Enterococcus faecalis: An in vitro Study.

Debridement and disinfection of the root canal is a crucial step in the success of endodontic treatment. Several antimicrobial agents alone or in combination are used to achieve this. The objective of...

Clinical Trials [3099 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Parameters Associated With the Emergence of Resistance to Ciprofloxacin in Human Commensal Flora

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics has been a growing therapeutic problem since the late 1980s. Resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria can arise through initial selection of resistant s...

Probiotics for Reduction Of Markers In Subjects With Allergy

In vitro studies reveal immunomodulatory effects of probiotic bacteria that are strain-dependent. Differential immunomodulatory in vitro capacities can not be extrapolated directly to in v...

β-galactosidase Producing Probiotic Strains to Improve Lactose Digestion

The purpose of this study is to assess that two β-galactosidase Producing Probiotic Strains help improve lactose digestion in subjects with lactose maldigestion.

Effect of a Locally Delivered Probiotic in Periodontitis

Saccharomyces boulardii is commonly employed as a live non-pathogenic probiotic microbial feed or food supplement. S. boulardii reduces the secretion of key pro inflammatory cytokines and ...

Changes in Body Adiposity by Dual Probiotic Strains Positively Correlated With Changes in Lp-PLA2 Activity in Overweight Adults

The objective was to evaluate the effect of the consumption of dual probiotic strains containing Lactobacillus curvatus (L. curvatus) HY7601 and Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) KY10...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Unlike ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS, this species may produce an alpha-hemolytic reaction on blood agar and is unable to utilize pyruvic acid as an energy source.

A species of Enterococcus that occurs in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of birds and mammals, and to a lesser extent humans. Some strains cause diseases including DIARRHEA; BACTEREMIA; and ENDOCARDITIS in humans and animals.

Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.

The type species of gram negative bacteria in the genus ALCALIGENES, found in soil. It is non-pathogenic, non-pigmented, and used for the production of amino acids.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Respiratory
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Article