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Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infectious disease which mainly affects elderly patients. Staphylococcus aureus is the main microorganism and IE, which used to be associated with a previously known heart disease, is now associated with healthcare procedures. For a long time, it was thought necessary to prevent IE with antibiotics before starting many invasive procedures. But in the last few years, there has been a change, with a drastic limitation on the situations in which antibiotic prophylaxis is required. Epidemiological studies emphasize changes in the profile of IE, which is moving from a streptococcal disease in patients with previously known heart disease to a staphylococcal healthcare-associated disease in elderly patients suffering from many comorbidities or having intracardiac devices. These changes should lead us to question the validity of our current management of antibiotic prophylaxis. There are already recommendations from the American Heart Association (AHA) for the prevention of implantable cardiovascular electronic device implantation, but apart from this particular situation, should we not extend prophylaxis to more comprehensive prevention in patients who have comorbidities? To find an answer, we need to acquire more data on the pathophysiology of IE while continuing epidemiological surveillance of the disease.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besançon, Besançon, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Infective endocarditis can negatively impact prognosis of congenital heart disease and has a 10-15% incidence of mortality. New guidelines recommend prophylaxis of infective endocarditis only for high...
Guidelines for prophylaxis against infective endocarditis (IE) have changed significantly due to a lack of evidence for its efficacy and increasing concerns about safety and antibiotic resistance. The...
Until recently, the recommendations of infective endocarditis were based on expert opinions, due to its low incidence and the absence of controlled trials. The update in 2015 of the new guidelines of ...
Infective endocarditis in children remains a clinical challenge. Here, we review the impact of the updated 2015 American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines on management a...
Infective endocarditis is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates that have plateaued over recent decades. Research to improve outcomes for these patients is limited by the rarity of this c...
Although controversy exists regarding the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for patients at risk of infective endocarditis, expert committees continue to publish recommendations for antib...
The diagnosis of infective endocarditis is based on the results of blood culture and findings on transeosophageal echocardiography. Cardiac computarized tomography is a new modality, mainl...
The purpose is to exam prospective if simple clinical information in combination with a normal s-procalcitonin are sufficient for exclusion of infective endocarditis (IE).
This is an analysis of the outcomes of patients having undergone surgical intervention for infective endocarditis.
This study evaluates the influence of dental prophylaxis on disease activity of Rheumatoid Arthritis. In addition to standard antirheumatic therapy, recently the question has been raised w...
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
A urinary anti-infective agent effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. Although sulfonamides and antibiotics are usually the agents of choice for urinary tract infections, nitrofurantoin is widely used for prophylaxis and long-term suppression.
ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....
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