Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
BACKGROUND.: The influence of recipient body mass index (BMI) on pediatric-donor kidney transplant outcomes is unclear. We aimed to determine graft survival and functional outcomes of pediatric-donor kidneys compared with adult kidneys stratified by recipient BMI group. METHODS.: Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients data for recipients from 1996 to 2010 were reviewed. Donors were categorized by transplant type, pediatric single kidney transplant (SKT, n=3712), en bloc kidney transplant (EBK, n=1517), or adult standard criteria donor (SCD, n=66,741). Recipients were stratified by BMI tertiles (<24, 24-29, and >29 kg/m). RESULTS.: SKT and EBK from donors ≤40 kg conferred similar risks of adjusted death-censored graft survival relative to SCDs regardless of recipient BMI except for EBK transplants in recipients with BMI <24 where the effect was protective (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.56-0.94). SKT from donors ≤20 kg conferred worse death-censored graft survival in recipients with BMI <24 (aHR 1.3, 95% CI 1.0-1.6) and BMI >29 (aHR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.0); however, most of the risk appeared early, and the effect was abrogated with reanalysis conditional on 1-year graft survival. Compared with SCDs, 1-year glomerular filtration rates of SKT from donors ≤20 kg were significantly higher when transplanted into recipients with BMI <24 (P<0.01) and similar in the other BMI groups. CONCLUSION.: Increasing recipient BMI is not a clear risk factor for outcomes or graft function after transplantation with small pediatric-donor kidneys.
1Department of Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY. 2Department of Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 3Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
This article was published in the following journal.
Adult lung transplant recipients with small chests have traditionally received lungs from pediatric donors, placing an additional strain on the already restricted pediatric donor pool. Performing loba...
Two apolipoprotein L1 gene (APOL1) renal-risk variants in donors and African American (AA) recipient race are associated with worse allograft survival in deceased-donor kidney transplantation (DDKT) f...
Kidney transplantation is the best treatment method for end-stage renal disease. Outcomes of the preemptive kidney transplantation are better than non-preemptive kidney transplantation. Preemptive kid...
More than 1 million patients are estimated to have undergone transplantation in the past years. In recent years, living-donor kidney transplantation accounted for more than 50% of all transplantations...
Smoking increases the risk for cardiovascular disease in kidney donors, as is the case with normal individuals; it may also result in the development and progression of chronic renal failure. The pres...
On a yearly basis there are approximately 12,000 kidney transplants in the United States. Presently there are approximately 40,000 patients awaiting a transplant with only 5,000 available ...
This study will evaluate the differences between open surgical kidney donation and laparoscopic kidney donation on kidney donors and recipients. Both procedures are standard surgeries used...
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate a CMV vaccine given to related donor/recipient pairs (donors prior to peripheral blood stem cell donation and CMV-seropositive recipients just befo...
It is well recognized that a subset of patients who contracts Hepatitis C virus (HCV) spontaneously clears the virus. Such individuals are anti-HCV antibody positive, yet HCV RNA PCR negat...
Kidney transplantation, is the preferred treatment option of end stage renal disease. Compared to dialysis, patients who receive kidneys have a 70% reduction in death, a dramatically impr...
Preparative treatment of transplant recipient with various conditioning regimens including radiation, immune sera, chemotherapy, and/or immunosuppressive agents, prior to transplantation. Transplantation conditioning is very common before bone marrow transplantation.
Transplantation of tissue typical of one area to a different recipient site. The tissue may be autologous, heterologous, or homologous.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...