Unexpected fatal hypernatremia after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation with therapeutic hypothermia: a case report.
Summary of "Unexpected fatal hypernatremia after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation with therapeutic hypothermia: a case report."
Central diabetes insipidus (DI), characterized by unexpected fatal hypernatremia, is a rare complication after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation with therapeutic hypothermia, but may be potentially fatal if recognition is delayed. We describe here a patient who experienced cardiac arrest due to a pulmonary embolism, followed by successful resuscitation after induction of therapeutic hypothermia. The patient, however, suddenly developed unexpected hypernatremia with increased urine output and was diagnosed with central DI as a complication of cerebral edema, and eventually died. Our findings suggest that central DI should be considered as a possible complication following unexpected hypernatremia with increased urine output during therapeutic hypothermia and that desmopressin acetate should be used to treat central DI.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of Korean medical science
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22379348
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2012.27.3.329
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
Accidental injuries caused by brief high-voltage electrical discharges during thunderstorms. Cardiopulmonary arrest, coma and other neurologic symptoms, myocardial necrosis, and dermal burns are common. Prompt treatment of the acute sequelae, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is indicated for survival.
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.
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