Vitamin D status: a review with implications for the pelvic floor.
Summary of "Vitamin D status: a review with implications for the pelvic floor."
Vitamin D is a micronutrient vital in calcium homeostasis and musculoskeletal function. Vitamin D insufficiency is a common variant of vitamin D deficiency that shows clinical signs of rickets and osteomalacia. The clinical significance of vitamin D insufficiency is being explored in several medical conditions. However, the most robust work suggests a role in musculoskeletal disease. The pelvic floor is a unique part of the body and the function of which is dependent on interrelationships between muscle, nerve, connective tissue, and bone. Pelvic floor disorders result when these relationships are disrupted. This paper reviews current knowledge regarding vitamin D nutritional status, the importance of vitamin D in muscle function, and how insufficient or deficient vitamin D levels may play a role in the function of the female pelvic floor.
Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th Street South, 176F, Suite 10382, Birmingham, AL, 35249, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International urogynecology journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22415704
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-012-1710-6
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
Inflammation of the parametrium, the connective tissue of the pelvic floor, extending from the subserous coat of the uterus laterally between the layers of the BROAD LIGAMENT.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been identified in man. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1379) Inositol phospholipids are important in signal transduction.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
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