Use of methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta in stage 3, 4 or 5 non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.
Summary of "Use of methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta in stage 3, 4 or 5 non-dialysis chronic kidney disease."
Background: Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta (PEG-EPO) is indicated for the treatment of anaemia due to chronic kidney disease. Its long half-life allows it to be administered once per month in maintenance therapy. Objective: To evaluate the use, effectiveness and cost of PEG-EPO in a group of pre-dialysis chronic renal failure patients. Method: Retrospective observational study in pre-dialysis patients who began treatment with PEG-EPO between May 2008 and February 2009. The following data were gathered: age, sex, haemoglobin levels (Hb) and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) dose and frequency. The follow-up period was 12 months. Results: We included 198 patients. Mean Hb upon starting PEG-EPO in patients who had received no prior treatment was 10.8g/l, and 11.6g/l at 90 days (P<.0001). In patients previously treated with ESA, mean Hb before starting PEG-EPO treatment was 11.2g/l, and 11.4g/l at 12 months (P=.846). Hb values were higher than 12g/l (P<.0001) after 12 months of treatment in 25% of patients; of these, 45% had values above 13g/l. We observed doses 39% lower than those indicated on the drug leaflet, resulting in a reduction in the originally expected theoretical costs. Conclusions: The doses of PEG-EPO administered to patients with a prior history of ESA treatment were lower than those indicated by the drug leaflet, and Hb remained stable after 12 months of treatment. A large portion of the patients had levels above the 13g/l threshold.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22421952
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2012.Jan.10946
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.
Non-ionic surfactant of the polyethylene glycol family. It is used as a solubilizer and emulsifying agent in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, often as an ointment base, and also as a research tool.
A copolymer of polyethylene and polypropylene ether glycol. It is a non-ionic polyol surface-active agent used medically as a fecal softener and in cattle for prevention of bloat.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.
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