Pain and Sleep-Wake Disturbances in Adolescents With Depressive Disorders.
Summary of "Pain and Sleep-Wake Disturbances in Adolescents With Depressive Disorders."
The aims of this study were to (a) assess and compare sleep disturbances (including daytime and nighttime sleep patterns) in adolescents with depressive disorders and healthy peers, (b) examine the prevalence of pain in adolescents with depressive disorders and healthy peers, and (c) examine pubertal development, pain intensity, and depressive symptom severity as predictors of sleep disturbance. One hundred six adolescents (46 depressed, 60 healthy), 12 to 18 years (M = 15.10 years; 67% female; 77% Caucasian) completed subjective measures of sleep, presleep arousal, fatigue, and pain. Participants also underwent 10 days of actigraphic monitoring to assess nighttime and daytime sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and wake after sleep onset. Results indicated that youth with depression exhibited greater sleep disturbances on subjective and actigraphic sleep variables than healthy controls. Depressed youth also reported more frequent and severe pain than healthy youth. Linear regression analysis indicated that pain intensity and depressive symptoms predicted worse sleep quality across groups. The interaction term was also significant, such that adolescents with high levels of depressive symptoms had poor sleep quality when pain intensity levels were high. These results indicate that sleep is important to assess in youth with depression, and that pain may be an important target for sleep intervention in this population.
a Psychology Department , Loyola University Chicago.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22420746
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2012.658613
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Sleep-wake Transition Disorders
Parasomnias characterized by behavioral abnormalities that occur during the transition between wakefulness and sleep (or between sleep and wakefulness).
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
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