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Introduction : Breakthrough cancer pain has been defined as a transitory increase in pain intensity that occurs either spontaneously or in relation to a specific predictable or unpredictable trigger, despite relatively stable and adequately controlled background pain. The availability of supplemental doses of oral opioids, in addition to the continuous analgesic medication, is the main treatment suggested to manage pain flares. Areas covered : Oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate (OTFC) is the first product of a new generation of delivery systems, named rapid-onset opioids (ROOs), characterized by rapidity of effect and the short duration of analgesia. Controlled studies and long-term experience have shown that OTFC is an effective treatment for breakthrough pain management and its use should be considered in any patient experiencing breakthrough pain related to cancer. Expert opinion : The onset of action of OTFC - demonstrated to start within 15 min - and the short time to maximum concentration make it a useful indication for breakthrough pain; dose titration is commonly recommended. However, it is likely that patients receiving high doses of opioids for background analgesia will not be candidates for titration with minimal initial doses of OTFC, as they are opioid tolerant and the process would be time consuming.
University of Palermo, La Maddalena Cancer Center, Palermo and Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care & Emergencies, Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit and Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit , Via san Lorenzo 312, 90145 Palermo , Italy +39 091 6806521
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
To further describe effective dose titration of fentanyl sublingual spray to treat breakthrough cancer pain (BTCP) during the 26-day open-label titration phase of a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, ...
Transdermal fentanyl is widely administered as an analgesic therapy for cancer patients. Recently, a novel fentanyl citrate transdermal patch was developed in Japan, which is the first such patch that...
The aim of this article was to examine the definition, the characteristics, and the management of breakthrough cancer pain (BTP) in cancer patients by a critical review of recent literature.
This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 1, 2006). Breakthrough pain is a transient exacerbation of pain that occurs either spont...
Cancer patients taking regular medication for their pain often still have episodes of severe pain that 'break through' despite their background pain treatment. Fentanyl is a strong, short-...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of OraVescent fentanyl to treat breakthrough pain episodes in cancer patients who are already opioid tolerant.
Cancer patients taking regular medication for their pain often still have episodes of severe pain that 'break through' despite their background pain treatment. Fentanyl is a strong, short...
Lazanda is a prescription nasal spray medicine that contains the medicine fentanyl. It is used to manage breakthrough pain in adults with cancer who are already routinely taking other opi...
The aim of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intranasal fentanyl spray in cancer patients over four weeks, especially during cancer-related breakthrough pain (BTP) attack...
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
An anthelmintic used primarily as the citrate in the treatment of filariasis, particularly infestations with Wucheria bancrofti or Loa loa.
An enzyme that, in the presence of ATP and COENZYME A, catalyzes the cleavage of citrate to yield acetyl CoA, oxaloacetate, ADP, and ORTHOPHOSPHATE. This reaction represents an important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 22.214.171.124.
A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...