Changes in cortical activation in craniomandibular disorders during splint therapy - A single subject fMRI study.
Summary of "Changes in cortical activation in craniomandibular disorders during splint therapy - A single subject fMRI study."
There is some controversial discussion within the therapy of craniomandibular disorders (CMDs) about the mode of action of occlusal splints. Here we present a case report on one CMD-patient measuring cerebral activation changes with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after therapy with a stabilization splint. Wearing the Michigan splint for 11 nights and partially days resulted in substantial pain relief and changes in occlusal movement performance. Cerebral activation during occlusion was decreased after therapy (PRE-POST) in bilateral sensorimotor regions but also additional areas such as left posterior insula, right superior temporal cortex and bilateral occipital lobe. During the first usage of the splint in the scanner (PRE) increased activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe (BA 9) was observed. After splint training occlusion with the splint compared to without a splint increasingly involved the left superior parietal lobe (BA 7, POST). Whereas BA 9 might be associated with increasing working memory load due to the manipulation with an unusual object, the BA 7 activation in the POST session might document increased sensorimotor interaction after getting used to the splint. Our findings indicate that wearing an occlusion splint triggers activation in parietal sensorimotor integration areas, also observed after long periods of sensorimotor training. These additional recourses might improve coordination and physiological handling of the masticatory system.
Functional Imaging Unit, Center of Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University of Greifswald, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22100455
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2011.10.006
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Diseases or disorders of the muscles of the head and neck, with special reference to the masticatory muscles. The most notable examples are TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS and TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
Disorders of the centrally located thalamus, which integrates a wide range of cortical and subcortical information. Manifestations include sensory loss, MOVEMENT DISORDERS; ATAXIA, pain syndromes, visual disorders, a variety of neuropsychological conditions, and COMA. Relatively common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; BRAIN HYPOXIA; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; and infectious processes.
Malformations Of Cortical Development
Abnormalities in the development of the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These include malformations arising from abnormal neuronal CELL PROLIFERATION or APOPTOSIS; abnormal neuronal migration; and abnormal establishment of cortical organization via neurite extension, synaptogenesis, or neuronal maturation. As well as mutations effecting these developmental processes directly, there are a variety of inborn metabolic errors, such as PEROXISOMAL DISORDERS and mitochondrial and pyruvate metabolic disorders which effect them secondarily and also exhibit these malformations. They are common causes of EPILEPSY and developmental delay and are often a component of multiple congenital anomalies.
Training or retraining of the buccal, facial, labial, and lingual musculature in toothless conditions; DEGLUTITION DISORDERS; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; MALOCCLUSION; and ARTICULATION DISORDERS.
The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
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