Universal newborn hearing screening in the Champagne-Ardenne region: A 4-year follow-up after early diagnosis of hearing impairment.
Summary of "Universal newborn hearing screening in the Champagne-Ardenne region: A 4-year follow-up after early diagnosis of hearing impairment."
Permanent congenital hearing loss is one of the most frequent congenital anomaly at birth. Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) was introduced in numerous countries in order to allow an early diagnosis and intervention for congenital hearing impairment.
First aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of early diagnosis of hearing impairment after UNHS. Second aim is to discuss the auditory intervention proposed after this diagnosis. Last aim is to evaluate the relevance of UNHS for early diagnosis and intervention. MATERIALS AND
Prospective study. UNHS program was introduced in the entire French region of Champagne-Ardenne in January 2004. Forty-one children have benefited of an early diagnosis of hearing impairment until June 2007. They were included in an intervention program consisting of an audiometric follow-up and an auditory intervention. This program was conducted until June 2008.
There were 28 males patients and 13 females patients. The diagnosis of hearing aid impairment was carried at an average age of 3.2-month. The auditory follow-up allowed confirming the initial diagnosis of deafness for the majority of the children as for their degree of hearing loss. Auditory intervention was heterogeneous depending on degree of hearing loss of the children.
This UNHS program demonstrates its validity and feasibility for early diagnosis and intervention of congenital hearing impairment. It brought a major impact on the management of congenital hearing impairment in Champagne-Ardenne.
Department of Otolaryngology and ENT Surgery, Robert Debré University Hospital, 125 avenue du Général Koenig, 51100 Reims, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20674044
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.07.005
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
Hearing Loss, Noise-induced
Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
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