The Clinical Value of Non-curative Resection Followed by Chemotherapy for Incurable Gastric Cancer.
Summary of "The Clinical Value of Non-curative Resection Followed by Chemotherapy for Incurable Gastric Cancer."
The clinical value of a non-curative resection for gastric cancer is still controversial. We analyzed the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent non-curative gastric resection.
Data from a total of 178 patients who underwent non-curative resection for advanced gastric cancer at Seoul St. Mary's hospital were reviewed. Factors related to the incurability were classified as peritoneal metastasis (P), liver metastasis (H), extra-abdominal metastasis (X), direct adjacent organ invasion that was unresectable (T). The clinicopathologic data, survival, and quality of life of patients were evaluated.
The overall median survival time was 12.1 months, and that for the patients with gastrectomy with chemotherapy was 14.3 months. Operation-related complications occurred in 20 patients (11.2 %). Five patients (2.8 %) died of postoperative complications within 30 days, and 43 patients (24.2 %) had symptoms and signs of gastric outlet obstruction or uncontrolled bleeding. The mean duration of postoperative hospital stay was 15.9 days for those symptomatic patients, and the symptom-relieved period was 8.6 months.
There might be a role for non-curative resection followed by chemotherapy for incurable gastric cancer, in terms of survival, and this treatment approach should be carefully considered because of the high mortality rate associated with the disease. A large, randomized, prospective study is warranted to prove the benefit of non-curative resection in patients with incurable gastric cancer.
Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22450753
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-012-1566-4
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Vagotomy, Proximal Gastric
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
Parietal Cells, Gastric
Rounded or pyramidal cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS. They secrete HYDROCHLORIC ACID and produce gastric intrinsic factor, a glycoprotein that binds VITAMIN B12.
A synthetic methylprostaglandin E1 analog that reduces gastric acid secretion and enhances the gastric mucus-bicarbonate barrier. It is effective in the therapy of gastric ulcers and gives significant protection against NSAID-induced gastric mucosal damage. The drug also prevents cyclosporin A-induced damage to endocrine and exocrine pancreatic secretions. It shows a low order of acute toxicity and there is no evidence of embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, teratogenicity, or mutagenicity in animal studies.
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