Forgetting in context: The effects of age, emotion, and social factors on retrieval-induced forgetting.
Summary of "Forgetting in context: The effects of age, emotion, and social factors on retrieval-induced forgetting."
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) refers to the finding that selectively retrieving some information impairs subsequent memory for related but nonretrieved information. This occurs both for the individual doing the remembering (i.e., within-individual retrieval-induced forgetting: WI-RIF), as well as for individuals merely listening to those recollections (i.e., socially shared retrieval-induced forgetting: SS-RIF). In the present study, we examined how the contextual factors of age and emotion independently and interactively affect both WI-RIF and SS-RIF. The results indicated that both WI-RIF and SS-RIF occurred at equivalent levels, both for younger and older adults and for neutral and emotional information. However, we identified a boundary condition to this effect: People only exhibited SS-RIF when the speaker that they were listening to was of the same sex as themselves. Given that participants reported feeling closer to same-sex speakers, this suggests that people co-retrieve more, and therefore exhibit increased SS-RIF, with close others. In everyday life, these RIF effects should influence what information is remembered versus forgotten in individual and collective memories.
Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, 3715 McClintock Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-0191, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Memory & cognition
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22454328
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13421-012-0202-8
Retrieving a subset of items can cause the forgetting of other items, a phenomenon referred to as retrieval-induced forgetting. According to some theorists, retrieval-induced forgetting is the consequ...
"Retrieval-induced forgetting" in rats was evaluated using a modified spontaneous object recognition test. The test consisted of a sample phase, retrieval or interference phase, and a test phase with ...
Abstract We investigated the organized storage of motor sequences in memory by assuming that processes related to interference at retrieval are indicative of memory organization. Effects resulting fro...
Although available evidence points to a role of the inferior frontal cortex (IFC) in both emotion processing and autobiographical memory (AM) recollection, it is unclear what the role of this region i...
When motor sequences are stored in memory in a categorised manner, selective retrieval of some sequences can induce forgetting of the non-retrieved sequences. We show that such retrieval-induced forge...
With the aim of evaluating the putative impacts of emotion related personality factors on physical and mental disease and the mechanisms of these impacts, 58 students were submitted to a s...
In this study the investigators are examining the effectiveness of two different speech therapy protocols for word retrieval impairments experienced by individuals with stroke-induced apha...
This study aims to Investigate characteristics and prevalence of emotion/behavior problems in child and adolescents with epilepsy; to identify the associated factors and their effects on t...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether cortisol and propranolol are effective in the modulation of stress induced heroin-related retrieval enhancement.
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of emotion and mood in the context of HIV.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Defective metabolism leading to fat maldistribution in patients infected with HIV. The etiology appears to be multifactorial and probably involves some combination of infection-induced alterations in metabolism, direct effects of antiretroviral therapy, and patient-related factors.
A family of transcription factors that are induced by GROWTH FACTORS and contain a highly conserved DNA-binding domain composed of three ZINC FINGER MOTIFS.