Treatment of vitiligo in children and adolescents by autologous cultured pure melanocytes transplantation with comparison of efficacy to results in adults.
Summary of "Treatment of vitiligo in children and adolescents by autologous cultured pure melanocytes transplantation with comparison of efficacy to results in adults."
Abstract Background Transplantation of autologous cultured pure melanocytes is a well-established procedure for the treatment of refractory and stabilized vitiligo. However, there was no report specifically comparing the efficacy with the regard to defined age groups (children-adolescence-adult). Objective We analysed the efficacy of this procedure in the treatment of vitiligo in children and adolescents and compare it with the results in adults treated during the same period and using identical procedures. Methods Melanocytes were isolated from the roof of suction blister, cultured and expanded with Hu16 medium in vitro, and transplanted to laser-denuded receipt area. A total of 12 children (8-12 years), 20 adolescents (13-17 years) and 70 adults with vitiligo were treated using this procedure. Results The patients obtained satisfactory results (repigmentation of 50% or more) results in children, adolescents and adults were 83.3%, 95.0% and 84.0% respectively. The mean extent of repigmentation in children, adolescents and adults was 80.7%, 78.9% and 76.6% respectively. There was no statistical difference in repigmentation among these three groups. After adjusting for all factors (gender, type of vitiligo, period of stability, location of the lesion or transplanted cell density) individually or totally using multiple regression analysis, age still did not correlate to the extent of repigmentation. Conclusions The satisfactory results obtained in the treatment of vitiligo in children and adolescents by transplantation of cultured autologous pure melanocytes are comparable with the results in adults. Therefore, this procedure can be considered in refractory and stable vitiligo in children and adolescents, especially in patients with large vitiliginous lesions.
Department of Dermatology, Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou Institute of Dermatology and Venereology, Hangzhou, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20673303
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2010.03824.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A vasodilator that also has bronchodilatory action. It has been employed in the treatment of angina pectoris, in the treatment of asthma, and in conjunction with ultraviolet light A, has been tried in the treatment of vitiligo. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1024)
Usually a benign tumor, that commonly presents as a solitary blue nodule with spindled MELANOCYTES covered by smooth SKIN. Several variants have been identified, one variant being malignant. The blue color is caused by large, densely packed melanocytes deep in the DERMIS of the nevus. In CHILDREN, they usually occur on the BUTTOCKS and LUMBOSACRAL REGION and are referred to as cellular blue nevi. Malignant blue nevi are more commonly found on the SCALP.
Pigmenting photosensitizing agent obtained from several plants, mainly Psoralea corylifolia. It is administered either topically or orally in conjunction with ultraviolet light in the treatment of vitiligo.
Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.
A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)
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