Chart review of patients on valsartan-based single-pill combinations vs. ARB-based free combinations for BP goal achievement.
Summary of "Chart review of patients on valsartan-based single-pill combinations vs. ARB-based free combinations for BP goal achievement."
Abstract Objective: To compare blood pressure (BP) goal achievement associated with the use of valsartan-based single pill combinations (SPCs) vs. angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)-based free combinations (FCs) among adult hypertension patients. Research design and methods: Data were collected from physician-administered chart review of adult hypertension patients in the South Central region. All patients had uncontrolled BP before initiating one of the index therapies (SPCs: valsartan/amlodipine or valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide [HCTZ], FCs: ARB + calcium channel blocker [CCB] or ARB + HCTZ) between 07/2008 and 06/2009. Up to three BP measures were collected starting from 45 days after the therapy initiation. BP goal was <130/80 mmHg for patients with diabetes, chronic renal disease or coronary heart disease; or <140/90 mmHg for patients without these comorbidities. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used to compare rates of BP goal achievement associated with valsartan-based SPCs vs. ARB-based FCs over time. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the likelihood of BP goal achievement associated with SPCs vs. FCs, controlling for demographics, baseline BP, hypertension history, comorbidities, prior and concurrent use of anti-hypertensive medications, and physician specialty. Results: The study included 812 patients: 414 on valsartan-based SPCs (209 on valsartan/amlodipine and 205 on valsartan/HCTZ) and 398 on ARB-based FCs (200 on ARB + CCB and 198 on ARB + HCTZ). The ARBs in the FC group included valsartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, irbesartan and candesartan. In the ARB FC group, the most commonly used ARB and CCB were valsartan (29.1%) and amlodipine (81.5%), respectively. During the observation period (81 days for valsartan SPC patients and 90 days for ARB FC patients), 65.9% of valsartan SPC patients and 55.8% of the ARB FC patients achieved BP goal. Over time, the rates of BP goal achievement were consistently higher among valsartan SPC vs. ARB FC patients (p = 0.01): 31.1% vs. 28.9% and 69.1% vs. 59.2% at month 3 and 6 after therapy initiation, respectively. Cox regression confirmed that valsartan SPC patients were more likely to achieve BP goal (HR = 1.22; p = 0.05). A similar trend was observed in the subgroup analyses comparing SPC of valsartan/amlodipine vs. FCs of ARB + CCB and SPC of valsartan/HCTZ vs. FCs of ARB + HCTZ. Limitations: Non-randomization of treatments, limited generalizability, and no records of BP measures within 45 days. Conclusions: Patients using valsartan-based SPCs were significantly more likely to achieve BP goal than those treated with ARB-based FCs in the real-world clinical practice in the South Central region. The significance was achieved at two-sided alpha = 0.05.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation Medical, East Hanover NJ, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current medical research and opinion
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20673201
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2010.500883
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Review Literature As Topic
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Comparison of real-world adherence, healthcare resource utilization and costs for newly initiated valsartan/amlodipine single-pill combination versus angiotensin receptor blocker/calcium channel blocker free-combination therapy.
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