ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS FROM HUMAN AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE.
Summary of "ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS FROM HUMAN AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE."
Introduction: The human amniotic membrane (HAM), a highly abundant and readily available tissue that may be useful for regenerative medicine and cell therapy. Aim: To compare two previously published protocols for the isolation of human amnion mesenchymal stromal cells (hAMSCs), including their phenotypic characterization and in vitro potential for differentiation toward osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic mesodermal lineages. Materials and Methods: Human placentas were obtained from selected caesarean-sectioned births. Two different protocols (Alviano et al.  and Soncini et al. ) for the isolation of hAMSCs were performed. After monolayer expansion of adherent cells from both protocols, the cells were characterized by flow cytometry and for multipotentiality, as assessed by their capability to differentiate toward adipocyte-, osteoblast- and chondocyte-like cells. Results: Both protocols yielded hAMSCs that showed plastic adherence, fibroblast-like growth and well-defined human MSC markers. The cell yield and mesodermal differentiation capability of hAMSCs were higher in cells isolated using the Soncini protocol. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated the successful isolation of hAMSCs from full-term placentas using two published protocols. Differences between the two protocols in cell yield and in vitro differentiation potential were shown.
INIBIC-Universidade da Coruña, Departamento de Medicina, A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain; firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Tissue engineering. Part C, Methods
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20673138
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.TEC.2010.0136
Stem cell therapy is in constant need of new cell sources to conceive regenerative medicine approaches for diseases that are still without therapy. Scientists drew the attention toward amniotic membra...
While amniotic mesenchymal cells have been isolated and characterized in different species, amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) have been found only in humans and horses and are recently considered valid...
Amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) are promising candidates for cell-based therapy. This review presents a comprehensive overview of the features and therapeutic applications of these cel...
Advances in stem cell biotechnology hold great promise in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Of interest are marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs),...
To explore the most appropriate method for the isolation of human umbilical cord mesenchyamal stem cells (MSCs) through a comparison of different methods.
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), derived from healthy adult volunteer human donors, can be obtained from bone marrow donation and cultured in the laboratory. MSCs have shown the abilit...
Primary outcome measure: Evaluation of viability, security and tolerance of the adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells implant (ASCs) in fistulizing Crohn's disease patients, collecting t...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PROMOSTEM (human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells) at a dose of 1 and 5x1,000,000 hMSC/kg in subject...
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells in patients with cirrhosis of liver. Stem cells will be injected into the hepatic artery. Improvement in various...
Hypothesis: Intravenous administration of bone marrow-derived autologous adult human mesenchymal stem cells is a safe novel therapeutic approach for patients with multiple sclerosis....
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).
Cells that can develop into distinct mesenchymal tissue such as BONE; TENDONS; MUSCLES; ADIPOSE TISSUE; CARTILAGE; NERVE TISSUE; and BLOOD and BLOOD VESSELS.
Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.