Epstein-barr virus infection and lymphoproliferative disorder after hematopoietic cell transplantation.
Summary of "Epstein-barr virus infection and lymphoproliferative disorder after hematopoietic cell transplantation."
Common herpes viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) cause infection and disease after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder following allogeneic HCT is a rare but life-threatening disease, mostly associated with EBV-infected B cells. Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (e.g., rituximab) target normal and infected B cells and further suppress the patient's immune system. This article describes the development of cellular therapies by infusing virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes via IV into patients to create an adoptive immune system for specific viral suppression.
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical journal of oncology nursing
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22459531
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/12.CJON.211-214
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
Epstein-barr Virus Infections
Infection with human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN); which may facilitate the development of various lymphoproliferative disorders. These include BURKITT LYMPHOMA (African type), INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS, and oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).
A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
Epithelial hyperplasia of the oral mucosa associated with Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) and found almost exclusively in persons with HIV infection. The lesion consists of a white patch that is often corrugated or hairy.
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting B-cells in humans and new world primates. The type species human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) is better known as the Epstein-Barr virus.
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