A PCR-RFLP based protocol for the detection of hepatitis B virus variants in some lamivudine-untreated chronic hepatitis B virus carriers in Pakistan.
Summary of "A PCR-RFLP based protocol for the detection of hepatitis B virus variants in some lamivudine-untreated chronic hepatitis B virus carriers in Pakistan."
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects more than 350 million people worldwide and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like Pakistan. Lamivudine has potential to inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication but long term lamivudine treatment results in mutations in YMDD region of HBV, making this therapy ineffective. In this study, we have optimized a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) based protocol to detect two mutations in HBV DNA polymerase gene (at codon 528 and 552) in chronic hepatitis patients, without any prior lamivudine treatment. HBV genome was extracted and tested by PCR-RFLP for detection of mutations in polymerase gene. Variations in HBV genome were not detected in enrolled patients confirming that lamivudine can be used to treat chronic Hepatitis B in these patients. Several studies have reported the natural occurrence of mutation in YMDD motif of polymerase gene in chronic hepatitis B patients, not treated with lamivudine, but these mutants were not detected in Pakistani lamivudine-untreated chronic hepatitis B patients.
Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
Hepatitis A Virus
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Hepatitis A Virus, Human
A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
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