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Aceclofenac is presently most commonly prescribed analgesic for chronic pain and inflammatory conditions. In clinical practice, phenytoin and aceclofenac are used in a chronic condition of generalized seizure with concomitant chronic pain. Hence there are chances of drug-drug interaction because modulations of isoenzymes involved in metabolism of phenytoin and aceclofenac are CYP2C9/10 and CYP2C19. It is important to maintain the therapeutic level of phenytoin in plasma for effective control of seizure. So, the aim of the study was to determine the effect of aceclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of phenytoin in rabbits. In a parallel design study, phenytoin 30 mg/kg/day per oral was given daily for seven days. On day 7, blood samples were taken at various time intervals between 0-24 hours. In aceclofenac group, phenytoin was administered for seven days as above. On day 8, aceclofenac 14 mg/kg alongwith phenytoin 30 mg/kg/day was administered and blood samples drawn as above. Plasma phenytoin levels were assayed by HPLC and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. In aceclofenac group, there was decrease in t½el than phenytoin group significant changes were observed in the pharmacokinetic parameters in aceclofenac treated group. These results suggest that aceclofenac alter the pharmacokinetics of phenytoin. Confirmation of these results in human studies will warrant changes in phenytoin dose or frequency when aceclofenac is co-administered with it.
Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences
To use a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling system to predict the serum levels achieved by two different intravenous loading doses of phenytoin.
Seizure following traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a common complication that requires effective prevention to improve the outcome of TBI. Phenytoin has been the only recommended antiepileptic...
Gum hypertrophy is a well-known and important adverse effect of phenytoin therapy in a neurosurgical patient. We present an interesting case of a 21-year-old man who, following head injury after a roa...
Hypersensitivity reactions with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are generally associated with aromatic AEDs. We present a case of hypersensitivity reactions followed by administration of phenytoin with dia...
Obesity has been shown to affect the disposition of water soluble medications in pediatric patients. There are no published data describing serum phenytoin concentrations in obese pediatric patients. ...
Phenytoin is a medicine used to treat seizures. If too much is taken, patients have ill effects including sleepiness, unsteady gait, and eye problems. The amount of drug in their system ca...
A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blinded, Parallel, Active-controlled, Phase IV Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of PlbCR and Aceclofenac in the Treatment of Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Knee
A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, parallel, active-controlled, phase IV clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PlbCR and aceclofenac in the treatment of patients wi...
The use of phenytoin metabolism to produce S-HPPH accounts for more than 85% of its metabolism. This metabolic pathway is mediated by the activity of CYP2C9. The purpose of the present st...
The purpose of this research is to determine if patients who receive phenytoin (also commonly known as Dilantin) before taking corticosteroids will show less memory impairment and hypomani...
since glaucoma is considered an optic neuropathy, new treatments for glaucoma are being continuously investigated, including neuroprotection. Previous studies implied that phenytoin, a po...
An anticonvulsant that is used in a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
A synthetic PGE2 analog that has an inhibitory effect on gastric acid secretion, a mucoprotective effect, and a postprandial lowering effect on gastrin. It has been shown to be efficient and safe in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcers.
An anticonvulsant used to control grand mal and psychomotor or focal seizures. Its mode of action is not fully understood, but some of its actions resemble those of PHENYTOIN; although there is little chemical resemblance between the two compounds, their three-dimensional structure is similar.
Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...