Graves' disease presenting with severe cholestasis.
Summary of "Graves' disease presenting with severe cholestasis."
Background: Hyperthyroidism has been associated with liver function abnormalities; however, cholestasis as the presenting feature of adolescent Graves' disease has not been previously reported. Patient Summary: The patient was a 17-year-old girl who presented with severe cholestasis and was found to have Graves' disease. She also had a positive hepatitis A immunoglobulin M antibody but her clinical course, the liver histopathology, and her mildly elevated transaminases indicated that the acute hepatitis A infection was not dominant at the time of presentation with severe cholestasis. Other causes of cholestasis, including congestive heart failure, autoimmune hepatitis, and viral infection, were excluded. Treatment with methimazole resolved the hyperthyroidism, and the cholestasis improved, as well. Conclusion: Severe cholestasis is a rare presenting feature of Graves' disease. With careful monitoring, methimazole can be used to treat the hyperthyroidism in the setting of cholestasis.
1 Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Mount Sinai School of Medicine , New York, New York.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22458973
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/thy.2011.0267
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).
An autoimmune disorder of the EYE, occurring in patients with Graves disease. Subtypes include congestive (inflammation of the orbital connective tissue), myopathic (swelling and dysfunction of the extraocular muscles), and mixed congestive-myopathic ophthalmopathy.
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
JAUNDICE, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.
A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.
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