Hematopoietic, CNS and skeletal muscle stem cells as drug targets: opportunities, progress and challenges.
Summary of "Hematopoietic, CNS and skeletal muscle stem cells as drug targets: opportunities, progress and challenges."
Lineage-committed stem and progenitor cells are currently targeted by a handful of medicines, mainly to treat conditions involving the immune and hematopoietic systems. Knowledge of new stem and progenitor cell populations in the body is accumulating at a rapid pace and a new era of targeting resident stem cell populations for therapeutic ends is coming into focus. Small-molecule regulators of body-resident stem and progenitor cell assess are now a reality both in the clinic and as promising new drugs in the development pipeline. This review will explore the current state of the art with an emphasis on emerging concepts and experimental systems in the therapeutic regulation of endogenous stem and progenitor cell populations.
GlaxoSmithKline, Research and Development, Muscle Metabolism Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Future medicinal chemistry
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Bipotential angio-hematopoietic stem cells that give rise to both HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS and ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
Mature contractile cells, commonly known as myocytes, that form one of three kinds of muscle. The three types of muscle cells are skeletal (MUSCLE FIBERS, SKELETAL), cardiac (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC), and smooth (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE). They are derived from embryonic (precursor) muscle cells called MYOBLASTS.
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
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