Perforator-supercharged occipitocervicopectoral flaps for lower face and neck reconstruction.
Summary of "Perforator-supercharged occipitocervicopectoral flaps for lower face and neck reconstruction."
: The occipitocervicopectoral flap has a local skin pedicle in the occipital region, with the distal portion of the flap in the pectoral region. One disadvantage of the occipitocervicopectoral flap is its limited flap length. To overcome this disadvantage, a perforator supercharging technique was applied to enlarge the original flap length. The aims of this study are to present a clinical application of the perforator-supercharged occipitocervicopectoral flap for face and neck reconstruction and to discuss a perforator supercharging technique and perforator anatomy.
Tokyo, Japan; Ann Arbor, Mich.; and Guangzhou, People's Republic of China From the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Nippon Medical School; the Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health Sy
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plastic and reconstructive surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22456360
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0b013e318244230b
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature also transferred to the new site. They are used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region. The concept includes pedicled flaps, rotation flaps, tube flaps, etc.
The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)
Abnormal movements, including HYPERKINESIS; HYPOKINESIA; TREMOR; and DYSTONIA, associated with the use of certain medications or drugs. Muscles of the face, trunk, neck, and extremities are most commonly affected. Tardive dyskinesia refers to abnormal hyperkinetic movements of the muscles of the face, tongue, and neck associated with the use of neuroleptic agents (see ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1199)
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
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