Leonurine attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in human endothelial cells: Involvement of reactive oxygen species and NF-κB pathways.
Summary of "Leonurine attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in human endothelial cells: Involvement of reactive oxygen species and NF-κB pathways."
Leonurine, an active alkaloid of Traditional Chinese Medicine Herba leonuri, displayed cardioprotective effects by anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic activities in vitro and in vivo. Herein, we explored the effects and possible mechanisms of leonurine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). We found that leonurine pretreatment concentration-dependently attenuated LPS-induced mRNA expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Meanwhile, LPS-mediated expression/release of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and cyclooxygenase-2, and tumor necrosis factor-α was also reduced by leonurine. In addition, we confirmed that leonurine suppressed degradation of IκBα and phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 as well as production of intracellular reactive oxygen species in a concentration dependent manner. Furthermore, the cytoprotective enzyme heme oxygenase-1 could be upregulated in leonurine-treated HUVEC. Our present results indicated leonurine exerted beneficial effects in inflammatory conditions partly through inhibition of reactive oxygen species and NF-κB signaling pathways.
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pharmacology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22305882
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.01.012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
A 200-230-kDa tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factors found primarily in endothelial and hematopoietic cells and their precursors. VEGFR-2 is important for vascular and hematopoietic development, and mediates almost all endothelial cell responses to VEGF.
A potent inhibitor of membrane metalloendopeptidase (ENKEPHALINASE). Thiorphan potentiates morphine-induced ANALGESIA and attenuates naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms.
Learned expectation that one's responses are independent of reward and, hence, do not predict or control the occurrence of rewards. Learned helplessness derives from a history, experimentally induced or naturally occurring, of having received punishment/aversive stimulation regardless of responses made. Such circumstances result in an impaired ability to learn. Used for human or animal populations. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains leonurine.
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