Influence of third molar space on angulation and dental arch crowding.
Summary of "Influence of third molar space on angulation and dental arch crowding."
The influence of the third molars on mandibular incisor crowding has been extensively studied but remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether, in Mongolian subjects, the lower third molar can affect anterior crowding and/or the inclination of teeth in the lower lateral segments. Panoramic radiographs, 45° oblique cephalograms, and dental casts were taken from Mongolian subjects (age range 18.3-24.1 years, mean 21.0 years) exhibiting impaction of all four third molars and an Angle Class I molar relationship. The Ganss ratio was calculated using panoramic radiographs, whereas the gonial angle and angulation of lower canines, premolars and molars were measured using 45° oblique cephalograms. Little's index of irregularity was calculated using dental casts. Significant relationships between the angulation of the third and second molars and between the first molars and second premolars were found. Conversely, there was no significant correlation between the angulation of third molars, first premolars and canines. The Ganss ratio calculations showed that the lower first and second molars and the second premolars inclined mesially if there was insufficient space for the lower third molars. However, there was no significant correlation between Little's index of irregularity and third molar angulation. Furthermore, although the third molar influences the lateral segments, no obvious relationship between the third molar and anterior crowding was observed. Therefore, the angulation of the third molar appears not to cause anterior crowding.
Department of Orthodontics, The Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Niigata, 1-8 Hamaura-chou, Chuo-ku, Niigata, 951-8580, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Odontology / the Society of the Nippon Dental University
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22527908
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10266-012-0065-2
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Behavior with respect to an excessive number of individuals, human or animal, in relation to available space.
Severe cellulitis of the submaxillary space with secondary involvement of the sublingual and submental space. It usually results from infection in the lower molar area or from a penetrating injury to the mouth floor. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Mesial Movement Of Teeth
Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Removal or disruption of DENTAL DEPOSITS and plaque-retentive DENTAL CALCULUS from tooth surfaces and within the periodontal pocket space without deliberate removal of CEMENTUM as done in ROOT PLANING and often in DENTAL SCALING. The goal is to conserve dental cementum to help maintain or re-establish healthy periodontal environment and eliminate PERIODONTITIS by using light instrumentation strokes and nonsurgical techniques (e.g., ultrasonic, laser instruments).
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the maxillary arch expansion on maxillomandibular arch widths in patients treated with the quad-helix versus untreated controls. The treatment...
Objective: To determine the prevalence of impacted mandibular second molar (MM2) and the association between MM2 impaction and crowding. The clinical significance of the angle between first and second...
Pseudocoarctation of the aorta (PCOA) is an unusual congenital malformation of the aortic arch characterized by an acute anterior angulation of the aortic arch at the level of the ligamentum arteriosu...
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the incidence of eruption disorders in 6-year molars during the first phase of mixed dentition, and then determined the risks for later dental arch development according to spec...
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of a lower lingual holding arch (LLHA) in maintaining arch length, and to compare the effectiveness of two LLHAs made of two different gauges...
Third molar surgery is complicated by pain and swelling for several days after surgery. Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs have been useful in combination with opioids for treatment. Nic...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of GW406381 (a COX-2 inhibitor) in treating the signs and symptoms of dental pain following third molar tooth extraction.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of ADL5859 compared with placebo and an active control (ibuprofen) in subjects with acute dental pain after thi...
This phase IIa (proof of concept) study will be conducted as a multi-centre study within the European Union (EU). It will be conducted to a randomised, single blind, placebo- controlled,...
Since the report "To Err is Human" by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1999, attention was brought to the general public that adverse events in medicine are common and are one of the lea...