Shortness of breath in the patient with chronic liver disease.
Summary of "Shortness of breath in the patient with chronic liver disease."
Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver disease, although therapies to treat the underlying complications of cirrhosis may provide relief. Shortness of breath in patients with cirrhosis often portends a poor prognosis, and these patients should be evaluated for orthotopic liver transplant because this therapy is most likely to provide long-lasting benefit.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology Division, Indiana University School of Medicine, 975 West Walnut, IB 327, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5121, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinics in liver disease
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22541701
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cld.2012.03.007
As liver diseases are a major health problem and especially the incidence of metabolic liver diseases like non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is rising, the demand for non-invasive tests is gro...
Assessment of hepatic functional reserve in acute and chronic liver disease is a discriminating factor for prognostic and therapeutic reasons. For this reason dynamic liver function tests have been de...
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of liver stiffness in patients without liver disease using shear wave elastography and to determine the liver stiffness threshold val...
We report a case of ischaemic hepatitis associated with recurrent fast atrial fibrillation (AF) episodes in a 59-year-old male who presented with shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting. The patient...
For patients with chronic liver disease, different optimal liver stiffness cut-off values correspond to different stages of fibrosis, which are specific for the underlying liver disease and population...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new questionnaire to capture the patient experience of COPD. The information collected will be used to validate the Shortness of Breath with Dail...
Primary Objectives 1. Mid Region pro Adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is superior to BNP for the prognosis of heart failure (HF) patients and adds incremental value in predicting outcome...
Patients often arrive to the Emergency Department with the chief complaint of shortness of breath. The cause of the shortness of breath may be due to many things, such as pneumonia, emphy...
SHORTIE is a two-phase study to determine the impact of the Triage Profiler S.O.B. (Shortness Of Breath) Panel on patient management, outcome, and cost.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect that oxygen has when administered to patients complaining of shortness of breath, where the underlying cause of this symptom is advance...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A disease characterized by the progressive invasion of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS into the LYMPHATIC VESSELS, and the BLOOD VESSELS. The majority of the cases occur in the LUNGS of women of child-bearing age, eventually blocking the flow of air, blood, and lymph. The common symptom is shortness of breath (DYSPNEA).
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.
A clinical syndrome characterized by palpitation, SHORTNESS OF BREATH, labored breathing, subjective complaints of effort and discomfort, all following slight PHYSICAL EXERTION. Other symptoms may be DIZZINESS, tremulousness, SWEATING, and INSOMNIA. Neurocirculatory asthenia is most typically seen as a form of anxiety disorder.
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.