Umbilical hemangioma: a case report.
Summary of "Umbilical hemangioma: a case report."
Umbilical cord tumors are extremely rare with hemangiomas and teratomas accounting for the most common tumors. CASE
A 26-year-old woman had an anomaly scan at 22 weeks. There was an echogenic area in the umbilical cord, the mass, which appeared enlarged and oedematous findings represented an umbilical cord hemangioma, but no fetal abnormalities (Fig. 1). The second ultrasound examination for follow-up showed that the fetus was dead. The macerating fetus (46XY) weighing 650 g was autopsied, and the report confirmed umbilical cord hemangioma and no significant congenital abnormalities (Figs. 2, 3).
A high perinatal mortality and morbidity rate has been reported with hemangiomas of umbilical cord. Impaired umbilical circulation is considered as the predisposing factor for fetal demise. It is associated with premature delivery, cardiac failure, severe fetal hemorrhage, IUGR and intrauterine death. The differential diagnosis of umbilical cord hemangioma should include hematomas, varices, aneurysms, thrombosis and tumors. Close antenatal follow-up is mandatory, with serial USS examinations, which should involve AFI, tumor size and Doppler studies. The examination should be at 4 weeks intervals up to 32-34 weeks and every 1-2 weeks thereafter depending on the findings.
The prenatal diagnosis of umbilical cord hemangioma should be suspected when an echogenic mass is visualized within the umbilical cord.
Mayday University Hospital, Croydon, Surrey, UK, Sathya@doctors.org.uk.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20680315
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-010-1606-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
A HERNIA due to an imperfect closure or weakness of the umbilical ring. It appears as a skin-covered protrusion at the UMBILICUS during crying, coughing, or straining. The hernia generally consists of OMENTUM or SMALL INTESTINE. The vast majority of umbilical hernias are congenital but can be acquired due to severe abdominal distention.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Single Umbilical Artery
Congenital abnormality where one, instead of the usual two, UMBILICAL ARTERY connects the fetus to the placenta.
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