Leptospirosis in pregnancy.

04:27 EDT 4th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Leptospirosis in pregnancy."

Leptospirosis is a direct zoonotic disease caused by spirochetes belonging to the genus Leptospira. Many animals act as carriers or vectors. Human infection results from accidental contact with carrier animals or environment contaminated with animal urine containing the organism. Epidemics of leptospirosis result from poor sanitation in urban areas and are aggravated following natural calamities. The majority of leptospiral infections are either subclinical or result in very mild illness and patients recover without complications. In a few cases it may manifest as multiorgan failure where the mortality can go up to 40%. Infection in pregnant women may be grave leading to severe fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The presentation may mimic other viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections, acute fatty liver, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and HELLP syndrome. Owing to the unusual presentation, leptospirosis in pregnancy is often misdiagnosed and under-reported. Preventive public education regarding hygiene, personal practices, source reduction, environmental sanitation, early diagnosis, and treatment of the condition are needed to avoid perinatal and maternal mortality.

Affiliation

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SUT Academy of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, 695028, Kerala, India, pgeetha98@yahoo.co.in.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Micro
ISSN: 1435-4373
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [2013 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Using discrete choice modeling to evaluate the preferences and willingness to pay for Leptospirosis vaccine.

Leptospirosis is highly endemic in the Philippines and a serious concern to public health. Local research on candidate vaccine is moving through the development pipeline. The availability of vaccines ...

Diagnosis of Leptospirosis: Comparison between Microscopic Agglutination Test, IgM-ELISA and IgM Rapid Immunochromatography Test.

Leptospirosis is diagnosed on clinical grounds, and confirmed by microscopic agglutination test (MAT). IgM-ELISA (Serion-Virion) and immunochromatography test (Leptocheck-WB) are two immunodiagnostic ...

Markers of endothelial cell activation and immune activation are increased in patients with severe leptospirosis and associated with disease severity.

Previous studies concluded that haemorrhage is one of the most accurate prognostic factors of mortality in leptospirosis. Therefore, endothelial cell activation was investigated in relation to disease...

Seroprevalence study of leptospirosis among rice farmers in khuzestan province, South west iran, 2012.

Leptospirosis as an emerging infectious disease is considered as an important public health problem worldwide.

Leptospirosis in Greece.

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease with increased public health concern worldwide. The disease occurs more often in temperate and tropical regions. The present study analyzes the demographic, epidemi...

Clinical Trials [865 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Desmopressin and Dexamethasone Adjunctive Treatment for Leptospirosis

Background: Pulmonary involvement in leptospirosis has been reported to be on the increase and is emerging as the main cause of death due to leptospirosis in many countries, including Thai...

Effects of Regular Exercise During Pregnancy

There is a great lack of results from randomized clinical trials with high methodological quality, assessing the effects of exercise during pregnancy. The main aims of this trial is to stu...

Role of Liver and Visceral Fat in Glucose and Lipid Metabolism During Pregnancy

Obesity, increased abdominal fat, fat stored in the liver, and insulin resistance may all be associated with adverse maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes. This study will examine how fat...

Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry

Ribavirin should be avoided during pregnancy and during the 6 months before pregnancy in both the female and the male sexual partner. If a pregnancy occurs and is reported to the Ribaviri...

Usefulness of Home Pregnancy Testing

The objective of this study is to determine whether women in a Medicaid population at risk for unintended pregnancy will keep a home pregnancy test on hand and (if necessary) use it approp...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.

Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.

Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Infectious-diseases
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Advertisement