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Climatic changes, including altered precipitation regimes, will affect key ecosystem processes, such as plant productivity and biodiversity for many terrestrial ecosystems. Past and ongoing precipitation experiments have been conducted to quantify these potential changes. An analysis of these experiments indicates that they have provided important information on how water regulates ecosystem processes. However, they do not adequately represent global biomes nor forecasted precipitation scenarios and their potential contribution to advance our understanding of ecosystem responses to precipitation changes is therefore limited, as is their potential value for the development and testing of ecosystem models. This highlights the need for new precipitation experiments in biomes and ambient climatic conditions hitherto poorly studied applying relevant complex scenarios including changes in precipitation frequency and amplitude, seasonality, extremity and interactions with other global change drivers. A systematic and holistic approach to investigate how soil and plant community characteristics change with altered precipitation regimes and the consequent effects on ecosystem processes and functioning within these experiments will greatly increase their value to the climate change and ecosystem research communities. Experiments should specifically test how changes in precipitation leading to exceedance of biological thresholds affect ecosystem resilience and acclimation.
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800, Lyngby, Denmark.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ecology letters
The advent of microfluidics has enabled thorough control of cell manipulation experiments in so called lab on chips. Lab on chips foster the integration of actuation and detection systems, and require...
There has been no large-scale naval combat in the last 30 years. With the rapid development of battleships, weapons manufacturing and electronic technology, naval combat will present some new charact...
In this paper, we open new possibilities of Wordle, a popular visualization technique. We present an interactive authoring tool called WordlePlus, which leverages natural interaction and animation. Wo...
This review aims to provide a structured classification of the underlying steering mechanisms in steerable catheters and to assess their future challenges.
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology with its simple and low-cost fabrication, rapid and localized fluid actuation, compatibility with microfluidic components, and biocompatibility for cellular stud...
Cervical spine manipulation has been found to be effective in patients with mechanical neck pain. Discrepancies exist on the side of manipulation and the placebo effect of this manual inte...
The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effectiveness of two types of chiropractic spinal manipulation to conservative medical care for patients at least 55 years old with sub...
This study will determine the effectiveness of spinal manipulation in reducing pain in people with chronic headaches accompanied by neck pain. This study will also determine the number of ...
The purpose of this study is to determine if post-manipulation elastic therapeutic tape (ETT) with TheraBand® Kinesiology Tape to neck pain patients can impact neck range of motion (ROM) ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients who meet the criteria of the clinical prediction rule for spinal manipulation may respond more favorably to repeated exercises ac...
A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.
Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...