Precipitation manipulation experiments - challenges and recommendations for the future.

11:20 EDT 31st August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Precipitation manipulation experiments - challenges and recommendations for the future."

Climatic changes, including altered precipitation regimes, will affect key ecosystem processes, such as plant productivity and biodiversity for many terrestrial ecosystems. Past and ongoing precipitation experiments have been conducted to quantify these potential changes. An analysis of these experiments indicates that they have provided important information on how water regulates ecosystem processes. However, they do not adequately represent global biomes nor forecasted precipitation scenarios and their potential contribution to advance our understanding of ecosystem responses to precipitation changes is therefore limited, as is their potential value for the development and testing of ecosystem models. This highlights the need for new precipitation experiments in biomes and ambient climatic conditions hitherto poorly studied applying relevant complex scenarios including changes in precipitation frequency and amplitude, seasonality, extremity and interactions with other global change drivers. A systematic and holistic approach to investigate how soil and plant community characteristics change with altered precipitation regimes and the consequent effects on ecosystem processes and functioning within these experiments will greatly increase their value to the climate change and ecosystem research communities. Experiments should specifically test how changes in precipitation leading to exceedance of biological thresholds affect ecosystem resilience and acclimation.

Affiliation

Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800, Lyngby, Denmark.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ecology letters
ISSN: 1461-0248
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [14105 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Identifying climate analogues for precipitation extremes for Denmark based on RCM simulations from the ENSEMBLES database.

Climate analogues, also denoted Space-For-Time, may be used to identify regions where the present climatic conditions resemble conditions of a past or future state of another location or region based ...

Medical rescue of naval combat: challenges and future.

There has been no large-scale naval combat in the last 30 years. With the rapid development of battleships, weapons manufacturing and electronic technology, naval combat will present some new charact...

Soil Bacterial Community Structure Responses to Precipitation Reduction and Forest Management in Forest Ecosystems across Germany.

Soil microbial communities play an important role in forest ecosystem functioning, but how climate change will affect the community composition and consequently bacterial functions is poorly understoo...

Precipitation Mediates the Response of Carbon Cycle to Rising Temperature in the Mid-to-High Latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.

Over the past decades, rising air temperature has been accompanied by changes in precipitation. Despite relatively robust literature on the temperature sensitivity of carbon cycle at continental to gl...

Climate Change and Observed Climate Trends in the Fort Cobb Experimental Watershed.

Recurring droughts in the Southern Great Plains of the United States are stressing the landscape, increasing uncertainty and risk in agricultural production, and impeding optimal agronomic management ...

Clinical Trials [1141 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Predicting Patients' Response to Spinal Manipulation

The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effectiveness of two types of chiropractic spinal manipulation to conservative medical care for patients at least 55 years old with sub...

Spinal Manipulation for Treatment of Chronic Headaches

This study will determine the effectiveness of spinal manipulation in reducing pain in people with chronic headaches accompanied by neck pain. This study will also determine the number of ...

Effect of Urinary Alkalinization on Urine Uric Acid Precipitation and Crystallization in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

The purpose of this study is to determine whether alkalinization of urine uric acid by 2 doses of sodium bicarbonate (1950mg) over 24-hours reduces precipitation and crystallization of uri...

Assessing Patient Response to Therapeutic Exercise Based on Clinical Prediction Rule (CPR) for Spinal Manipulation

The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients who meet the criteria of the clinical prediction rule for spinal manipulation may respond more favorably to repeated exercises ac...

Pilot Study of Spinal Manipulation for Chronic Neck Pain

This study is designed to determine whether a medicine that can produce temporary amnesia (midazolam) can be used to block the memory of treatment with spinal manipulation. This is importa...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.

Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.

Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.

The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.

The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topic

Biological Therapy
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article