Epigenetic reprogramming of embryos derived from sperm frozen at -20°C.
Summary of "Epigenetic reprogramming of embryos derived from sperm frozen at -20°C."
Cryopreservation of spermatozoa is a strategy that has been used to conserve the sperm of animal species and animal strains that are valuable for biomedical research. A simple method for preserving spermatozoa after application of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is much needed. It has been shown previously that spermatozoa frozen at -20°C can activate oocytes and support full-term embryo development. However, epigenetic reprogramming could be affected by the environment and by the in vitro manipulation of gametes. Here, we investigated embryo epigenetic reprogramming including DNA methylation and histone modification, in embryos derived from sperm preserved at -20°C without cryoprotectants. The results showed that although both fertilization and embryo developmental competence were decreased, the dynamic epigenetic reprogramming of embryos derived from frozen sperm was similar to the reprogramming of embryos derived from fresh sperm. The results reported in this study indicate that sperm frozen without cryoprotectant is epigenetically safe for ICSI.
Center of Reproductive Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330006, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Science China. Life sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22566092
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11427-012-4309-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
The cap-like structure covering the anterior portion of SPERM HEAD. Acrosome, derived from LYSOSOMES, is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the required hydrolytic and proteolytic enzymes necessary for sperm penetration of the egg in FERTILIZATION.
The process that reverts CELL NUCLEI of fully differentiated somatic cells to a pluripotent or totipotent state. This process can be achieved to a certain extent by NUCLEAR TRANSFER TECHNIQUES, such as fusing somatic cell nuclei with enucleated pluripotent embryonic stem cells or enucleated totipotent oocytes. GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING of the fused hybrid cells is used to determine the degree of reprogramming. Dramatic results of nuclear reprogramming include the generation of cloned mammals, such as Dolly the sheep in 1997.
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