Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome following H1N1-influenza vaccination - a case report.
Summary of "Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome following H1N1-influenza vaccination - a case report."
The outbreak of influenza A (H1N1) pandemic during the year 2009 led to the development of several vaccinations against H1N1 virus. In Finland, 2.6 million citizens were vaccinated during pandemic 2009 - 2010 with adjuvanted influenza vaccine, Pandemrix(®) . CLINICAL
In this case report, we describe a patient with non-paraneoplastic Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome following Pandemrix(®) vaccination.
Development of various autoimmune diseases in genetically predisposed subjects following exposure to certain environmental factors, including vaccinations, is a well-known entity. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of the induction of autoimmune diseases following vaccinations and actively ask the relevant clinical history in a newly diagnosed patient with an autoimmune disorder.
Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta neurologica Scandinavica
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22571392
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2012.01675.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Influenza A Virus, H1n1 Subtype
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Lambert-eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
An autoimmune disease characterized by weakness and fatigability of proximal muscles, particularly of the pelvic girdle, lower extremities, trunk, and shoulder girdle. There is relative sparing of extraocular and bulbar muscles. CARCINOMA, SMALL CELL of the lung is a frequently associated condition, although other malignancies and autoimmune diseases may be associated. Muscular weakness results from impaired impulse transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Presynaptic calcium channel dysfunction leads to a reduced amount of acetylcholine being released in response to stimulation of the nerve. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 1471)
Influenza B Virus
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
Influenza In Birds
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
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Compassionate use of orphan drug 3,4-Diaminopyridine (DAP) in Treatment of Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS). The purpose of the use of this drug is to decrease the weakness associa...
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of 3,4-diaminopyridine (DAP) in the treatment of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). II. Determine the side-effe...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and adverse effects of 3,4-diaminopyridine for the treatment of the Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS).
The purpose of the study is to provide expanded access (compassionate use) of 3,4 diaminopyridine to patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS).
A new drug called 3,4-Diaminopyridine (3,4-DAP) is currently under investigation for treatment of the symptoms of Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome. This is an expanded access trial, whic...