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Congenital Left Ventricular Diverticulum Associated With Congenital Ileo-Jejunal Atresia.

Summary of "Congenital Left Ventricular Diverticulum Associated With Congenital Ileo-Jejunal Atresia."

Congenital left-ventricular diverticulum (CVD) is a rare cardiac malformation. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, multislice computed tomography, and left-ventricular angiography are diagnostic tools. In this case report, we present a 5-month-old infant with CVD associated with congenital ileal atresia. The diverticulum appears to be of the left-ventricular type.

Affiliation

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Umuttepe Campus, İzmit, Turkey, koksaldr@yahoo.com.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric cardiology
ISSN: 1432-1971
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rare congenital cardiomyopathies characterized by the lack of left ventricular myocardium compaction. The noncompaction results in numerous prominent trabeculations and a loose myocardial meshwork (spongy myocardium) in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Heterogeneous clinical features include diminished systolic function sometimes associated with left ventricular dilation, that presents either neonatally or progressively. Often, the RIGHT VENTRICLE is also affected. CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE; PULMONARY EMBOLISM; and ventricular ARRHYTHMIA are commonly seen.

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).

A congenital cardiomyopathy that is characterized by infiltration of adipose and fibrous tissue into the RIGHT VENTRICLE wall and loss of myocardial cells. Primary injuries usually are at the free wall of right ventricular and right atria resulting in ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias.

Absence of the orifice between the RIGHT ATRIUM and RIGHT VENTRICLE, with the presence of an atrial defect through which all the systemic venous return reaches the left heart. As a result, there is left ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR) because the right ventricle is absent or not functional.

Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.

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