Relationship of central corneal thickness to postural IOP changes in patients with and without glaucoma in southern India.
Summary of "Relationship of central corneal thickness to postural IOP changes in patients with and without glaucoma in southern India."
To evaluate the relationship of central corneal thickness to the changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) in the sitting and supine position. Observational case-control study. The study group included Primary open-angle and chronic angle closure glaucoma patients. The control group consisted of patients without glaucoma seen for their routine eye examination. Central corneal thickness was measured by ultrasound pachymetry. Patients were then randomized to IOP measurement by Tonopen either sitting or supine after maintaining that position for 5 min. The position was then reversed and IOP measurements taken again after 5 min. Main outcome measure was change in IOP. One hundred and eighty-two eyes (90 in cases and 92 in controls) were examined. The mean CCT was 538.11 ± 37.17 μm in the study group and 545.34 ± 36.01 μm in the control group (P = 0.185). The mean IOP in the sitting position was 19.54 ± 5.39 mmHg in cases and 14.82 ± 4.01 in controls (P < 0.001). The mean IOP in the supine position was 20.51 ± 5.48 mmHg in cases and 16.02 ± 3.24 in controls (P < 0.001). Mean IOP change from sitting to supine was statistically significant in both groups (P < 0.001 for both). Postural change was greater in cases than controls (P = 0.020). There was no correlation between postural IOP change and CCT in cases (r = 0.143, P = 0.180) and controls (r = 0.096, P = 0.362). Postural IOP change is greater in glaucoma patients than non-glaucomatous patients. There was no correlation between postural IOP change and CCT.
Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International ophthalmology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22576109
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-012-9522-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A layer of the cornea. It is the basal lamina of the CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM (from which it is secreted) separating it from the CORNEAL STROMA. It is a homogeneous structure composed of fine collagenous filaments, and slowly increases in thickness with age.
New blood vessels originating from the corneal veins and extending from the limbus into the adjacent CORNEAL STROMA. Neovascularization in the superficial and/or deep corneal stroma is a sequel to numerous inflammatory diseases of the ocular anterior segment, such as TRACHOMA, viral interstitial KERATITIS, microbial KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS, and the immune response elicited by CORNEAL TRANSPLANTATION.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
A puncture or hole through the CORNEAL STROMA resulting from various diseases or trauma.
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