Urinary calculi and an increased risk of stroke: a population-based follow-up study.
Summary of "Urinary calculi and an increased risk of stroke: a population-based follow-up study."
Study Type - Prognosis (cohort) Level of Evidenceâ€ƒ2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Although early studies failed to detect an association between urinary calculi (UC) and subsequent cardiovascular risk, there is growing evidence among more recent research supporting this association with some studies more specifically suggesting that stroke is a major concern for UC sufferers. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, UC patients were more likely to have experienced a stroke then those without UC during the five-year follow-up period (hazard ratio = 1.43, 95% Cl = 1.35-1.50, P < 0.001).
â€¢â€‚ To examine in a population-based study the relationship between a history of nephrolithiasis and/or ureterolithiasis and the subsequent risk of stroke, as previous studies have shown that stone disease is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors. However, none of the studies that have investigated the relationship between urinary calculi (UC) and stroke were able to detect an association at a significant level. PATIENTS AND
â€¢â€‚ We used data sourced from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. â€¢â€‚ In all, 25â€ƒ181 adult patients newly diagnosed with UC were recruited as a study cohort, along with 125â€ƒ905 matched enrolees with no history of stone disease as a comparison cohort. â€¢â€‚ All the subjects were tracked for a 5-year period beginning from their index ambulatory care visits, and those who subsequently had a stroke identified. â€¢â€‚ Cox proportional hazards regressions were used to compare the risk of stroke between the study and comparison cohorts.
â€¢â€‚ During the 5-year follow-up period, the incidence rate of stroke was 1.78 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.71-1.86) per 100 person-years in patients with UC and 1.25 (95% CI 1.22-1.27) per 100 person-years in patients without UC. â€¢â€‚ After adjusting for hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, cardiovascular disease, urbanization level, gout, and obesity, patients with UC were more likely to have had a stroke than those without UC during the 5-year follow-up period (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% CI 1.35-1.50, P < 0.001).
â€¢â€‚ Our results suggest that there is an increased risk of stroke during the first 5â€ƒyears after a diagnosis of UC.
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Ban Ciao Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University Department of Urology, National Taiwan Universit
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: BJU international
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22583934
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.11210.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Urinary Bladder Calculi
Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.
Surgical incision or puncture into a URINARY BLADDER. Cystotomy may be used to remove URINARY CALCULI, or to perform tissue repair and reconstruction.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Formation of calcium oxalate crystals, either as monohydrate or dihydrate, is apparently unrelated to urinary pH because the solubilities of these salts are practically unaltered at physiologic urinar...
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