Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cluster in the health area of Meixoeiro Hospital.
Summary of "Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cluster in the health area of Meixoeiro Hospital."
Galicia is the Spanish region in which most bovine spongiform encephalopathy cases have been registered. Meixoeiro Hospital is included in the Galician Health Service (SERGAS). The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in the health area of Meixoeiro Hospital and to identify possible specific risk factors to the general public.
All incident cases of CJD were identified in the health area of Meixoeiro Hospital (187,877 inhabitants) over a 14-year period, 1997-2010, and classified according to WHO diagnostic criteria. We obtained clinical detail and epidemiological information on all cases. Crude and age-specific incidence rates were calculated. A review of surgical or invasive medical procedures was undertaken.
We diagnosed 12 patients with CJD, 10 sporadic CJD (sCJD), and two genetic CJD (gCJD). No iatrogenic or variant CJD was detected. According to Poisson distribution, 3.9 CJD cases would be expected for our area over the 14 years researched. The average yearly mortality rate from CJD was 4.6 cases per million (3.8 from sCJD and 0.8 from gCJD). Eight patients (67%) underwent at least one surgical or invasive medical procedure. Sixteen of twenty-seven (59%) of these procedures were undertaken in Meixoeiro Hospital.
The incidence of CJD in the health area of Meixoeiro Hospital is three times higher than expected. The hypothesis that at least some cases of sCJD are apparently because of covert transmission or zoonosis events should not be formally refuted and might explain the high rate found.
Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Vigo, Hospital do Meixoeiro, Vigo, Spain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta neurologica Scandinavica
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22590993
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2012.01678.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Alpha-crystallin B Chain
One of the alpha crystallin subunits. In addition to being expressed in the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE), alpha-crystallin B chain has been found in a variety of tissues such as HEART; BRAIN; MUSCLE; and KIDNEY. Accumulation of the protein in the brain is associated with NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES such as CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME and ALEXANDER DISEASE.
A rare transmissible encephalopathy most prevalent between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Affected individuals may present with sleep disturbances, personality changes, ATAXIA; APHASIA, visual loss, weakness, muscle atrophy, MYOCLONUS, progressive dementia, and death within one year of disease onset. A familial form exhibiting autosomal dominant inheritance and a new variant CJD (potentially associated with ENCEPHALOPATHY, BOVINE SPONGIFORM) have been described. Pathological features include prominent cerebellar and cerebral cortical spongiform degeneration and the presence of PRIONS. (From N Engl J Med, 1998 Dec 31;339(27))
Home Care Services, Hospital-based
Hospital-sponsored provision of health services, such as nursing, therapy, and health-related homemaker or social services, in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
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