A Comparison of Oral and Written English Styles in African American Students at Different Stages of Writing Development.
Summary of "A Comparison of Oral and Written English Styles in African American Students at Different Stages of Writing Development."
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the rates of using African American English (AAE) grammatical features in spoken and written language at different points in literacy development. Based on Kroll's model (1981), a high degree of similarity between the modalities was expected at Grade 3 and lower similarity expected at Grade 8.
Spoken and written language samples were analyzed for the occurrence of six AAE morphosyntactic features. Fifteen third- and 15 eighth-graders were asked to respond to interview questions and retell stories in both modalities. Percent use of the AAE grammatical features and a dialectal density measure were used to measure rates of AAE occurrence.
Findings indicate comparable use of dialect in spoken and written modalities for third-graders, but a difference in use between the modalities for the eighth-graders. The eighth-graders used more dialectal features in speaking than writing.
These results suggest there is likely a period in writing development when speakers of AAE learn to dialect-switch in their writing.
University of Mississippi.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Language, speech, and hearing services in schools
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20679408
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/0161-1461(2010/09-0069)
-Students situated in post-structural feminist pedagogical learning (PFPL) in a freshman English course (37 students) were expected to have lower English classroom anxiety, score higher in English, an...
Durable remissions in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) require a two-year maintenance phase that includes daily oral 6-mercaptopurine (6MP). Adherence to oral 6MP among Asian and Afric...
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an e-mail-delivered program to promote nutrition and physical activity in African American college students. Participants: Forty-s...
Using the Adapted Model of Institutional Support as a framework, data were collected from 90 minority students, 80 faculty members, and 31 administrators from schools of nursing in Texas to determine ...
ABSTRACT This study investigated college students' sexual hooking up and its associations with alcohol consumption for men and women; furthermore, potential differences related to ethnicity were inves...
The purpose of this study is to test if sexual health interventions can reduce the incidence of STIs among African American teens (15 to 21 years old). By doing this study, we hope to help...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of SYMBICORT® pMDI (a medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration, FDA) in the African American populati...
African American women have higher rates of obesity than women of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States. Obesity can have many causes, including genetic and environmental f...
The overall goal of this randomized, controlled study is to compare a model written treatment plan with the usual care that is provided by a group of adult and pediatric pulmonologists and...
B-ME is a research intervention study designed to address the needs of African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) who are at high risk for HIV. The intent of the intervention is to...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)