Rapid analysis of whole blood by paper spray mass spectrometry for point-of-care therapeutic drug monitoring.
Summary of "Rapid analysis of whole blood by paper spray mass spectrometry for point-of-care therapeutic drug monitoring."
Paper spray mass spectrometry is applied to oncology drugs in fresh whole blood samples supported on filter paper substrates instead of dry blood as done previously. Addition of the coagulant alum clotted the blood and allowed for immediate sample analysis. The coagulant did not interfere with the function of the paper spray nor did it add features to the mass spectra. Quantitative analysis of therapeutic drugs in the blood was achieved utilizing internal standards which were pre-spotted onto the filter paper. Eight oncology drugs were examined, with lower limits of detection ranging between 0.5 and 17 ng mL(-1) and linear dynamic ranges greater than two orders of magnitude. Inter-day accuracies of quality controls for pazopanib ranged from 102 to 118%, with imprecisions of 9 to 13%. This one-step method requires 10 μL of blood, a drop of solvent, and takes 45 seconds per trial. These results indicate applicability to point-of-care therapeutic drug monitoring in a clinical setting.
Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. email@example.com.
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Name: The Analyst
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
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