Influence of multilayer rhBMP-2 DNA coating on the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells seeded on roughed titanium surface.
Summary of "Influence of multilayer rhBMP-2 DNA coating on the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells seeded on roughed titanium surface."
For bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) gene therapy to be a viable approach for enhancing implant osseointegration clinically, requires the development of efficient nonviral delivery vectors that can coat the implant. This study evaluated a multilayer cationic liposome-DNA complex (LDc) coating as a delivery vehicle for recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2). Multilayered coatings, comprising hyaluronic acid (HA) and LDc, were fabricated onto titanium using a layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly technique. Preosteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on the roughened titanium surfaces coated with multilayers of HA/LDc, or on uncoated or HA/liposome only surfaces as controls. The amount of rhBMP-2 secreted by the MC3T3-E1 cells and the effect of the various surfaces on cell viability, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, osteocalcin (OC) secretion, and calcium deposition were evaluated. Messenger RNA levels of OC, ALP, Runx2, and Osx were also investigated. The results demonstrated that rhBMP-2 protein secreted into culture medium at 3 days was significantly higher than control groups. MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on the HA/LDc coating displayed significantly higher ALP activity and OC secretion at 7 days and 14 days culture, respectively. MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on HA/LDc upregulated expression of the osteoblast differentiation markers, especially on days 12 for OC and on days 6 and 12 for ALP and Osx. In conclusion, MC3T3-E1 cell cultured on the multilayer HA/LDc coating surface can secret rhBMP-2 protein and the protein levels were effective in inducing early osteogenic differentiation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part
Department of Oral Implantology, The Affiliated Stomatology Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22623077
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.34213
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A multilineage cell growth factor secreted by LYMPHOCYTES; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and ASTROCYTES which stimulates clonal proliferation and differentiation of various types of blood and tissue cells.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor
A glycoprotein of MW 25 kDa containing internal disulfide bonds. It induces the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of neutrophilic granulocyte precursor cells and functionally activates mature blood neutrophils. Among the family of colony-stimulating factors, G-CSF is the most potent inducer of terminal differentiation to granulocytes and macrophages of leukemic myeloid cell lines.
Cytokine that stimulates the proliferation of T-LYMPHOCYTES and shares biological activities with IL-2. IL-15 also can induce proliferation and differentiation of B-LYMPHOCYTES.
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