Emerging concepts in haematopoietic cell transplantation.
Summary of "Emerging concepts in haematopoietic cell transplantation."
Haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the most widely used form of cellular therapy. It is the only known cure for some haematological malignancies and has recently been used in additional clinical settings, such as allograft tolerance induction and treatment of autoimmune diseases. Recent advances have enabled HCT in a wider range of patients with improved outcomes. This Review summarizes the latest developments in this therapy, focusing on issues that will affect future advancement.
Columbia Center for Translational Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, 650 West 168th Street, BB 15-02, New York, New York 10032, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nature reviews. Immunology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
Bone Marrow Transplantation
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
An organism that, as a result of transplantation of donor tissue or cells, consists of two or more cell lines descended from at least two zygotes. This state may result in the induction of donor-specific TRANSPLANTATION TOLERANCE.
Stem Cell Transplantation
The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.
Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).
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Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation has an unproven role in the management of late-onset metachromatic leukodystrophy: theoretically justified through the engraftment of enzyme-replete haematopoi...
Allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantations are important therapeutic options for patients with hematologic disorders. Hemostatic complications are frequent after hematopoietic...
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