Tattooing and the risk of transmission of hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

22:12 EDT 7th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Tattooing and the risk of transmission of hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis."


OBJECTIVES:
In this systematic literature review we sought to determine whether tattooing is a risk factor for the transmission of hepatitis C.
METHODS:
A comprehensive search was performed to identify all case-control, cohort or cross sectional studies published prior to November 2008 that evaluated risks related to tattooing or risk factors of transmission of hepatitis C infection.
RESULTS:
A total of 124 studies were included in this systematic review, of which 83 were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the association of tattooing and hepatitis C from all studies was 2.74 (2.38-3.15). In a subgroup analysis we found the strongest association between tattooing and risk of hepatitis C for samples derived from non-injection drug users (OR 5.74, 95% CI 1.98-16.66).
CONCLUSIONS:
Findings from the current meta-analysis indicate that tattooing is associated with a higher risk of hepatitis C infection. Because tattooing is more common among the youth and young adults and hepatitis C is very common in the imprisoned population, prevention programs must focus on youngsters and prisoners to lower the spread of hepatitis infection.

Affiliation

Community Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
ISSN: 1878-3511
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [39711 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Fried food and prostate cancer risk: systematic review and meta-analysis.

We performed systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies that investigated the potential association between fried food consumption and prostate cancer risk. Four case-control studies wer...

Comparative effectiveness of antiviral treatment for hepatitis B: a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis.

A wide variety of competing drugs are available to patients for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. We update a recent meta-analysis to include additional trial evidence with the aim of determining ...

Impact of antidepressants use on risk of myocardial infarction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The aim of the study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between antidepressants use and risk of myocardial infarction (MI), and whether this association ...

The Association between the Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors and the Risk of Hypomagnesemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Although many case reports have described patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-induced hypomagnesemia, the impact of PPI use on hypomagnesemia has not been fully clarified through comparative stu...

Toxoplasmosis and epilepsy - systematic review and meta analysis.

Toxoplasmosis is an important, widespread, parasitic infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii. The chronic infection in immunocompetent patients, usually considered as asymptomatic, is now suspected to b...

Clinical Trials [4954 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of a Limitation Section on the Meta-analysis Results' Interpretation

Objective: The investigators aim to evaluate the impact of a " limitations " section in systematic review's abstract on results' interpretation by readers. Design: Randomized ratio 1:1 c...

Maternal Antiviral Prophylaxis to Prevent Perinatal Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus in Thailand

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection is complicated by cirrhosis and liver cancer. In Thailand, 7% of adults are chronically infected by Hepatitis B virus (HBV). The risk of perinatal trans...

Systematic Review of Antiretroviral Treatments for Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB)

The purpose of this study is to support the clinical value of entecavir by assessing the relationship between viral load and histological improvement.

Using a Systematic Review in Clinical Decision Making: a Pilot Parallel, Randomized Controlled Trial

The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of running a full-scale trial that compares two formats of a shortened systematic review to a full-length systematic review ...

A Controlled Prospective Study of Transfusion-Associated Hepatitis

This protocol represents a continuation of a series of prospective studies to define the incidence and etiology of transfusion-associated hepatitis (TAH) and to examine the impact on TAH o...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.

Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.

Acute INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans; caused by HEPATITIS E VIRUS, a non-enveloped single-stranded RNA virus. Similar to HEPATITIS A, its incubation period is 15-60 days and is enterically transmitted, usually by fecal-oral transmission.

A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Gastroenterology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...

Infectious-diseases
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Pharmacy
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article