Advertisement

Topics

Tattooing and the risk of transmission of hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Summary of "Tattooing and the risk of transmission of hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis."


OBJECTIVES:
In this systematic literature review we sought to determine whether tattooing is a risk factor for the transmission of hepatitis C.
METHODS:
A comprehensive search was performed to identify all case-control, cohort or cross sectional studies published prior to November 2008 that evaluated risks related to tattooing or risk factors of transmission of hepatitis C infection.
RESULTS:
A total of 124 studies were included in this systematic review, of which 83 were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the association of tattooing and hepatitis C from all studies was 2.74 (2.38-3.15). In a subgroup analysis we found the strongest association between tattooing and risk of hepatitis C for samples derived from non-injection drug users (OR 5.74, 95% CI 1.98-16.66).
CONCLUSIONS:
Findings from the current meta-analysis indicate that tattooing is associated with a higher risk of hepatitis C infection. Because tattooing is more common among the youth and young adults and hepatitis C is very common in the imprisoned population, prevention programs must focus on youngsters and prisoners to lower the spread of hepatitis infection.

Affiliation

Community Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
ISSN: 1878-3511
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [43925 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hepatitis B virus infection and decreased risk of stroke: a meta-analysis.

Several studies have reported that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may decrease the risk of stroke. However, its association is controversial. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysi...

Statins and the risk of cirrhosis in hepatitis B or C patients: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies.

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are leading causes of chronic liver disease, particularly cirrhosis. Recently, several studies have observed that statins have an inverse relationship with cirrhosis in hep...

Cancer risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cancer is a leading cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate prevalence of cancer risk factors among Chinese PLWHA based...

A Current Estimation of the Early Risk of Stroke after Transient Ischemic Attack: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Recent Intervention Studies.

Recent studies have demonstrated that there is a decrease in the risk of subsequent stroke after transient ischemic attack (TIA) when urgent care (UC) is administered. However, no meta-analysis has be...

Smoking, alcohol and family history of cancer as risk factors for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Risk factors for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are not well understood. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify risk factors for SI-NET and to further assess th...

Clinical Trials [7767 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of a Limitation Section on the Meta-analysis Results' Interpretation

Objective: The investigators aim to evaluate the impact of a " limitations " section in systematic review's abstract on results' interpretation by readers. Design: Randomized ratio 1:1 c...

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on DCB vs. POBA in De-novo Femoropopliteal Disease

Restenosis is still an issue after endovascular revascularization for femoropopliteal occlusive disease. One approach to reduce the rates of restenosis and reintervention is local applicat...

Effects of Soluble Fiber on Blood Pressure: A Meta-analysis of Randomly-controlled Trials

The present study conducted a meta-analysis of 22 randomly controlled trials to assess the effects of soluble fiber intake on blood pressure in human subjects. Using the Cochrane Handbook...

Meta-Analysis of Drug Therapy in Patients With Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis

In the specific setting of the evaluation of corticosteroids, pentoxifylline of their combination in severe alcoholic hepatitis, only meta-analysis combining individual data is able to pro...

Meta Analysis of the Effect of a Low Glycemic Index Diet and Glycemic Load on Body Weight

A low glycemic index (GI) diet has been associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients and a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Low glycemic load (GL) die...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Meta-analysis of randomized trials in which estimates of comparative treatment effects are visualized and interpreted from a network of interventions that may or may not have been evaluated directly against each other. Common considerations in network meta-analysis include conceptual and statistical heterogeneity and incoherence.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.

Multi-step systematic review process used for improving safety by investigation of incidents to find what happened, why it happened, and to determine what can be done to prevent it from happening again.

Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Gastroenterology
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...


Searches Linking to this Article