Flexor tendon surgery: Advances in the field of hand surgery.
Reconstruction of the flexor tendon injuries is one of the most difficult problems in hand surgery, because the postoperative end-results are often unfavorable. The author discusses the history of the flexor tendon surgery, and then he describes the development of the knowledge regarding the anatomy, the blood supply and the tendon healing of the flexor tendons from the beginning until now. After that he describes the development in suture materials, suture techniques, primary and secondary tendon reconstruction operations, postoperative treatment and rehabilitation programmes. The author describes what kind of progress to be expected in this field in the near future, and then he expresses his viewpoint about the development in the international and national hand surgical societies. He encloses a detailed list of literature for those who are interested in the field. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 811-820.
Pécs Hajnóczy u. 25/A, II. em. 2. 7633.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Orvosi hetilap
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22617370
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/OH.2012.29355
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A painful disability in the hand affecting the finger or thumb. It is caused by mechanical impingement of the digital flexor tendons as they pass through a narrowed retinacular pulley at the level of the metacarpal head. Thickening of the sheath and fibrocartilaginous metaplasia can occur, and nodules can form. (From Green's Operative Hand Surgery, 5th ed, p2137-58).
Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.