Kinetics and equilibrium properties of the biosorption of Cu(2+) by algae.
Summary of "Kinetics and equilibrium properties of the biosorption of Cu(2+) by algae."
The purpose of this study was to examine the kinetics and equilibrium properties of freshwater algae with Cu(2+). This was a model system to explore using algae as biosensors for water quality. Methods included making luminescence measurements (fluorescence) and copper ion-selective electrode (CuISE) measurements vs. time to obtain kinetic data. Results were analyzed using a pseudo-first-order model to calculate the rate constants of Cu(2+) uptake by algae: k (p(Cu-algae)) = 0.0025 ± 0.0006 s(-1) by CuISE and k (p(Cu-algae)) = 0.0034 ± 0.0011 s(-1) by luminescence. The binding constant of Cu-algae, K (Cu-algae), was 1.62 ± 0.07 × 10(7) M(-1). Fluorescence results analyzed using the Stern-Volmer relationship indicate that algae have two types of binding sites of which only one appears to affect quenching. The fluorescence-based method was found to be able to detect the reaction of algae with Cu(2+) quickly and at a detection limit of 0.1 mg L(-1).
Department of Chemistry, University of Maine, Aubert Hall, Orono, ME, 04469, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22645003
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0965-2
The structure characteristics and biosorption behaviors of heavy metals on a novel exopolysaccharide, which was secreted by the thermophilic Anoxybacillus sp. R4-33 isolated from a radon hot spring in...
There is limited knowledge available on metalloid biosorption by freshwater algae. In this study, biosorption properties of anionic Sb(OH) 6 (-) by naturally occurring cyanobacteria Microcystis were i...
The main objective of the present study is to effectively utilize the de-oiled algal biomass (DAB) to minimize the waste streams from algal biofuel by using it as an adsorbent. Methylene blue (MB) was...
Algae biosorption is an ideal wastewater treatment method when coupled with algae growth and biosorption. The adsorption and bioaccumulation of strontium from simulated nuclear wastewater by Scenedesm...
In experiments with the unicellular green algae Scenedesmus obliquus a correlation was found between the presence of the CO2-accumulating mechanism and the appearance of polyphasic luminescence decay ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effects in HIV patients of supplementation (4-20 fl. oz. daily) with ProAlgaZyme, a novel fermentation product of a freshwater alga...
The purpose of this pilot study is to characterize changes in postural orientation and equilibrium in early diagnosed ALS patient. The investigators plan to cross validate the use of a sta...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of supplementation with ProAlgaZyme (a novel fermentation product of a freshwater algae ecosystem) vs. placebo on Metabolic Syndrome an...
Many inflammatory disorders in the body are linked to oxidative tissue damage. Anti-oxidants that are present in many natural food sources may provide protection from such damage. Beta ca...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of nevirapine in exposure to atazanavir boosted with ritonavir, in steady state equilibrium, in HIV-infected adult patients.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Algae of the division Rhodophyta, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Red algae are thought to be closely related to the prokaryotic CYANOBACTERIA.
Algae of the division Chlorophyta, in which the green pigment of CHLOROPHYLL is not masked by other pigments. Green algae have over 7000 species and live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater. They are more closely related to the green vascular land PLANTS than any other group of algae.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Predominantly marine algae of the division Phaeophyta, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.
Microscopic fresh water algae in the family Chrysophyceae. They share many features with the BROWN ALGAE but are planktonic rather than benthic. Though most are photosynthetic, they are not considered truly autotrophic since they can become facultatively heterotrophic in the absence of adequate light. In this state they can feed on BACTERIA or DIATOMS.