Isolation and Identification of Phlorotannins from Ecklonia stolonifera with Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Properties in Tacrine-Treated HepG2 Cells.
Summary of "Isolation and Identification of Phlorotannins from Ecklonia stolonifera with Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Properties in Tacrine-Treated HepG2 Cells."
Four kinds of phlorotannins having antioxidant activity were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Ecklonia stolonifera ethanolic extract. The structures of the phlorotannins were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence, including 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance. The isolated phlorotannins showed potential radical-scavenging activities against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and suppressed the intracellular reactive oxygen species in tacrine-treated HepG2 cells. Among them, eckol and 2-phloroeckol showed hepatoprotective activity in tacrine-treated HepG2 cells; however, phlorofucofuroeckol B and 6,6'-bieckol did not show the activity, even though having high antioxidant activity. Both eckol and 2-phloroeckol inhibited the expression of Fas-mediated cell-death proteins, including tBid, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and suppressed the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol in a dose-dependent manner in tacrine-treated HepG2 cells. These results suggest that eckol and 2-phloroeckol are the principal hepatoprotective constituents of the ethyl acetate fraction of E. stolonifera ethanolic extract.
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Pukyong National University , Busan 608-737, South Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
Methodologies used for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantitation of chemical substances.
A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in BETA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.
A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than alpha-tocopherol. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.
The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.
A natural tocopherol and one of the most potent antioxidant tocopherols. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. It has four methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus. The natural d form of alpha-tocopherol is more active than its synthetic dl-alpha-tocopherol racemic mixture.
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