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Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) plasma levels reflect the continuous non-cyclic growth of small follicles, thereby mirroring the size of the resting primordial follicle pool and thus acting as a useful marker of ovarian reserve. AMH seems to be the best endocrine marker for assessing the age-related decline of the ovarian pool in healthy women, and thus it has a potential ability to predict future reproductive lifespan. The most established role for AMH measurements is before in vitro fertilization is initiated, as AMH can be predictive of the ovarian response, namely poor and hyper-responses. However, recent research has also highlighted the use of AMH in a variety of ovarian pathology conditions including polycystic ovary syndrome, granulosa cell tumors and premature ovarian failure. A new commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measuring AMH levels has been developed, making results from different studies more comparable. Nevertheless, widespread clinical application awaits an international standard for AMH, so that results using future assays can be reliably compared.
Fertility and Endocrinology Unit, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Roskilde Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Roskilde Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre, Denmark.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
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Drugs used to increase fertility or to treat infertility.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
A glycoprotein that causes regression of MULLERIAN DUCTS. It is produced by SERTOLI CELLS of the TESTES. In the absence of this hormone, the Mullerian ducts develop into structures of the female reproductive tract. In males, defects of this hormone result in persistent Mullerian duct, a form of MALE PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
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