Microsatellite instability testing in Korean patients with colorectal cancer.
Summary of "Microsatellite instability testing in Korean patients with colorectal cancer."
Microsatellite instability (MSI) testing is useful for identifying patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and detecting sporadic colorectal cancer that develops through replication error pathways. A pentaplex panel is recommended by the National Cancer Institute for MSI testing, but simplified mononucleotide panels and immunohistochemistry of mismatch repair proteins are widely employed for convenience. This study was to evaluate the MSI status of colorectal cancer in Korean patients. This study included 1,435 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma subjected to surgical resection. The pentaplex Bethesda panel was used for MSI testing. Seventy nine (5.5 %) carcinomas were classified as MSI-high (MSI-H) and 95 (6.6 %) as MSI-low (MSI-L). BAT-26 and BAT-25 were unstable in 73 and 75 of 79 MSI-H carcinomas, respectively. With the panel comprising these 2 mononucleotide markers, 72 carcinomas were diagnosed as MSI-H, compared to the Bethesda panel data (72/79, 91.1 %). In contrast, BAT-26 or BAT-25 were unstable in only 7 (7.4 %) of the 95 MSI-L tumors. In the panel with 2 dinucleotide markers, D17250 linked to p53 and D2S123 to hMSH2, detection rates were 89.9 % (71/79) for MSI-H and 80.0 % (76/95) for MSI-L carcinomas, compared to the Bethesda panel. Moreover, we compared the frequency of MSI tumor in our patients with those reported previously from Western countries. In conclusion, the frequency of MSI-H appears lower in colorectal cancer patients in Korea. A simplified panel for MSI testing with BAT-26 and BAT-25 seems not effective for the accurate evaluation of MSI status, particularly in MSI-L colorectal carcinomas, in our patients.
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumi-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, 463-707, Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Familial cancer
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22669410
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-012-9536-4
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The occurrence of highly polymorphic mono- and dinucleotide MICROSATELLITE REPEATS in somatic cells. It is a form of genome instability associated with defects in DNA MISMATCH REPAIR.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
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