Immunohistochemical and histomorphological analysis of rat mammary tumors after simvastatin treatment.
Summary of "Immunohistochemical and histomorphological analysis of rat mammary tumors after simvastatin treatment."
The results of experimental studies have indicated the pleiotropic effects of statins in organism, e.g. the influence on cell cycle, apoptosis or angiogenesis. In this study, the effects of simvastatin on selected parameters of apoptosis and proliferation in chemocarcinogen-induced mammary tumorigenesis in female rats were determined. Simvastatin was administered dietary at a dose of 18 mg/kg and highly effective dose of 180 mg/kg the entire experiment (18 weeks). At autopsy mammary tumors were removed and prepared for immunohistochemical and histomorphological analysis. In treated animals (simvastatin 180 mg/kg), significant decrease by 12% in Bcl-2 protein expression and non-significant decrease by 27% of Ki67 protein expression in tumor cells compared to tumor cells in control animals were observed after semiquantitative evaluation. Morphometrical analysis has shown significant proapototic shift in Bcl-2/Bax ratio in tumor cells. In high grade control carcinoma cells, the expression of Ki67 increased by 37% (non-significantly) in comparison with control low grade carcinomas. A histomorphological analysis of malignant tumors has revealed a shift from high grade to low grade carcinomas after simvastatin treatment. The noticeable decrease of mammary tumor frequency and incidence in rats after simvastatin treatment was accompanied with antiapoptotic Blc-2 protein decrease and proapoptotic Bax protein increase in this experiment. Keywords: rat, mammary tumors, simvastatin, Bcl-2, Bax, Ki67.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22668016
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4149/neo_2012_066
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mammary Neoplasms, Animal
Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).
An eph family receptor found in a variety of adult and embryonic tissues. Unlike the majority of proteins in this class there is little or no expression of EphB4 receptor in the BRAIN. It has been found at high levels in developing mammary glands and in invasive mammary tumors.
A technique encompassing morphometry, densitometry, neural networks, and expert systems that has numerous clinical and research applications and is particularly useful in anatomic pathology for the study of malignant lesions. The most common current application of image cytometry is for DNA analysis, followed by quantitation of immunohistochemical staining.
Acridine antineoplastic agent used in mammary and ovarian tumors. It inhibits RNA synthesis.
Internal Mammary-coronary Artery Anastomosis
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
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