Feasibility of measurement of prostate perfusion with arterial spin labeling.
Summary of "Feasibility of measurement of prostate perfusion with arterial spin labeling."
Prostate perfusion has the potential to become an important pathophysiological marker for the monitoring of disease progression or the assessment of the therapeutic response of prostate cancer. The feasibility of arterial spin labeling, an MRI approach for the measurement of perfusion without an exogenous contrast agent, is demonstrated in the prostate for the first time. Although various arterial spin labeling methods have been demonstrated previously in highly perfused organs, such as the brain and kidneys, the prospect of obtaining such measurements in the prostate is challenging because of the relatively low blood flow, long transit times, susceptibility-induced image distortion and local motion. However, despite these challenges, this study demonstrates that, with a whole-body transmit coil and external receiver array, global prostate perfusion can be measured with arterial spin labeling at 3 T. In five healthy subjects with a mean age of 44 years, the mean total prostate blood flow was measured to be 25.8 ± 7.1 mL/100 cm(3) /min, with an estimated bolus duration and arterial transit time of 884 ± 209 ms and 721 ± 131 ms, respectively. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Radiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: NMR in biomedicine
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A technique for detecting short-lived reactive FREE RADICALS in biological systems by providing a nitrone or nitrose compound for an addition reaction to occur which produces an ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY-detectable aminoxyl radical. In spin trapping, the compound trapping the radical is called the spin trap and the addition product of the radical is identified as the spin adduct. (Free Rad Res Comm 1990;9(3-6):163)
Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
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