Novel function of scutellarin in inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis of human Burkitt lymphoma Namalwa cells.
Summary of "Novel function of scutellarin in inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis of human Burkitt lymphoma Namalwa cells."
Anti-lymphoma therapy continues to present a major challenge. Even though cytotoxic therapy, immunotherapy and molecularly targeted therapy have been used in the clinic to treat the disease, effective anti-lymphoma drugs are still needed. In this study, we explored novel anti-lymphoma agents and found that scutellarin, an active component of a traditional Chinese medicinal herb Erigeron breviscapus, executed an anti-lymphoma effect. Scutellarin diminished the proliferation of B-lymphoma Namalwa cells in vitro and inhibited lymphoma growth in Namalwa cell-xenotransplanted mice without obvious toxicity. A mechanism study showed that scutellarin at doses of less than 10 μM induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 transition without the induction of cell apoptosis, which was accompanied by down-regulation of cyclin D1 and CDK4 expression. In contrast, scutellarin at concentrations of 15 μM or above promoted Namalwa cell apoptosis, which was partially associated with the activation of caspases. These results suggest that scutellarin is a new potential anti-lymphoma candidate.
Cyrus Tang Hematology Center, Jiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Soochow University , Suzhou, Jiangsu , China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Leukemia & lymphoma
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22582896
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428194.2012.693177
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.
Integrin alpha4beta1 is a FIBRONECTIN and VCAM-1 receptor present on LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; EOSINOPHILS; NK CELLS and thymocytes. It is involved in both cell-cell and cell- EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX adhesion and plays a role in INFLAMMATION, hematopoietic cell homing and immune function, and has been implicated in skeletal MYOGENESIS; NEURAL CREST migration and proliferation, lymphocyte maturation and morphogenesis of the PLACENTA and HEART.
Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
Receptors, Pituitary Hormone-regulating Hormone
Cell surface receptors that bind the hypothalamic hormones regulating pituitary cell differentiation, proliferation, and hormone synthesis and release, including the pituitary-releasing and release-inhibiting hormones. The pituitary hormone-regulating hormones are also released by cells other than hypothalamic neurons, and their receptors also occur on non-pituitary cells, especially brain neurons, where their role is less well understood. Receptors for dopamine, which is a prolactin release-inhibiting hormone as well as a common neurotransmitter, are not included here.
Angiogenesis is critical to a wide range of physiological and pathological processes. Scutellarin, a major flavonoid of a Chinese herbal medicine Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand. Mazz. has been show...
A series of scutellarin-cyclodextrin conjugates (SCU-CD conjugates), in which scutellarin was covalently bound to one of the primary hydroxyl groups of β-CD, were prepared, and their structures were...
Objective: To investigate the absorption and transepithelial transport characteristics of scutellarin and scutellarein in the human colonic adenocarcinoma cell (Caco-2) monolayer model. The influence...
Aim:To study the metabolic and pharmacokinetic profile of scutellarin, an active component from the medical plant Erigeron breviscapus (Vant) Hand-Mazz, and to investigate the mechanisms underlying th...
Scutellarin is an important bioactive flavonoid extracted from Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz, and scutellarein is the corresponding aglycone of scutellarin. The present study aims to compare...
Adenomyosis refers to the presence of endometrial glands and stroma that is haphazardly deep within the myometrium. However, the etiology and pathologic mechanism responsible for adenomyos...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of two doses purified EPA (an omega-3 fatty acid), on apoptosis (natural cell death) and cell proliferation (formation of new cells) in...
The purpose of this research study is to learn if the study drug RAD001 can shrink or slow the growth of low-grade gliomas. Additionally, the safety of RAD001 will be studied. RAD001 is a...
Patients with diabetes have high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) because pancreatic beta-cells no longer produce sufficient insulin. Insufficient beta-cell function can be caused by an...
The aim of this study is to investigate the immunomodulatory potential of Isolated Plasmacytoide Dendritic Cells (pDCs) and Regulatory T-cells (TREGs) isolated with clinical grade magnetic...