Global honey bee viral landscape altered by a parasitic mite.
Summary of "Global honey bee viral landscape altered by a parasitic mite."
Emerging diseases are among the greatest threats to honey bees. Unfortunately, where and when an emerging disease will appear are almost impossible to predict. The arrival of the parasitic Varroa mite into the Hawaiian honey bee population allowed us to investigate changes in the prevalence, load, and strain diversity of honey bee viruses. The mite increased the prevalence of a single viral species, deformed wing virus (DWV), from ~10 to 100% within honey bee populations, which was accompanied by a millionfold increase in viral titer and a massive reduction in DWV diversity, leading to the predominance of a single DWV strain. Therefore, the global spread of Varroa has selected DWV variants that have emerged to allow it to become one of the most widely distributed and contagious insect viruses on the planet.
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. email@example.com
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Science (New York, N.Y.)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22679096
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1220941
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.
A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
The medical use of honey bee products such as BEE VENOM; HONEY; bee pollen; PROPOLIS; and royal jelly.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Species of European house dust mite, in the family PYROGLYPHIDAE. It is the most commonly found house dust mite.
The parasitic mite Varroa destructor is responsible for heavy losses in honey bee colonies and represents a major threat to the beekeeping industry. Essential oils offer an attractive alternative to t...
This study evaluated for the first time the grooming response of honey bees to Varroa mites of different ages and reproductive statuses in the laboratory. Plastic cages containing a section of dark co...
Invasion of alien species has been shown to cause detrimental effects on habitats of native species. Insect pollinators represent such examples; the introduction of commercial bumble bee species for c...
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The parasitic mite Varroa destructor is considered the major pest of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) and responsible for declines in honey bee populations worldwide. Expl...
Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) beta acids (HBA) were tested for miticidal effects on varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, a parasitic mite of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). When varroa were placed on...
This study will include 60 patients with early breast cancer referred to receive adjuvant chemotherapy with AC ( adriamycin- cyclophosphamide) or CAF ( adriamycin- cyclophosphamide- 5- flu...
The primary hypothesis of this study is that regular topical oral application of Manuka Honey will reduce the severity and duration of oral mucositis in patients who are undergoing mucotox...
The objectives of this study are: a) to assess the feasibility and sensitivity of manually count cough bouts over a 4-hour period; b) to assess the effects of buckwheat honey and guaifenes...
The present study is aimed to evaluate a bronchial allergen challenge with house dust mite and alternaria. Firstly, the years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 will be retrospectively review...
House dust mite allergy is a common problem, resulting in asthma, chronic swelling of the eyes, and running nose. We test a possibility to immunize subjects sensitized against house dust m...