Induction of Atrial Fibrillation with Adenosine during a Transesophageal Electrophysiology Study to Risk Stratify a Patient with Asymptomatic Ventricular Preexcitation.
Summary of "Induction of Atrial Fibrillation with Adenosine during a Transesophageal Electrophysiology Study to Risk Stratify a Patient with Asymptomatic Ventricular Preexcitation."
An asymptomatic adolescent male athlete was incidentally found to have ventricular preexcitation on electrocardiogram during a sports preparticipation physical. A transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS) was performed after an exercise stress test failed to delineate the patient's risk of sudden cardiac death. The TEEPS was favored in this case over a transvenous electrophysiology study due to reduced invasiveness. The goal of the TEEPS was to place the patient into atrial fibrillation (AFib) and evaluate the shortest preexcited RR interval during AFib, thereby assessing the risk of his accessory pathway. Conventional pacing modalities were unable to induce AFib. During atrial burst pacing, adenosine was then administered, which successfully induced AFib. This case highlights adenosine's potential to induce atrial fibrillation during transesophageal electrophysiology studies when atrial pacing alone was unable to do so.
Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University, New Orleans, La, USA Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, La, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Congenital heart disease
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676712
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0803.2012.00682.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
A nucleoside that is composed of adenine and d-ribose. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of ADP plus AMP from adenosine plus ATP. It can serve as a salvage mechanism for returning adenosine to nucleic acids. EC 184.108.40.206.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
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