Nutritional and functional evaluation of wheat flour cookies supplemented with gram flour.
Summary of "Nutritional and functional evaluation of wheat flour cookies supplemented with gram flour."
Protein-enriched cookies were prepared by supplementing gram flour into wheat flour at levels of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% and analysed for physicochemical properties. The protein quality of the cookies was assessed by feeding gram flour-supplemented cookies to albino rats for 10 days. The supplementation resulted in a significant increase in protein, fat, crude fibre and ash contents of the cookies. The thickness and spread factor of cookies differ significantly while non-significant effect was observed in the width of the cookies. The protein efficiency ratio, net protein utilization, biological value and true digestibility differed significantly among diets containing cookies with gram flour fed to rats. Cookies with 30% substitution of straight grade flour and gram flour produced acceptable cookies as compared to control. The cookies containing 40-50% gram flour were best regarded as protein bioavailability for rats.
Department of Food Technology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University , Rawalpindi , Pakistan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of food sciences and nutrition
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676707
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2012.694851
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of wheat grain. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Ground up seed of WHEAT.
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