Formulation of liposomes gels of paeonol for transdermal drug delivery by Box-Behnken statistical design.
Summary of "Formulation of liposomes gels of paeonol for transdermal drug delivery by Box-Behnken statistical design."
The aim of this study was to design and optimize a transdermal liposomes gel formulation for paeonol (PAE). A three-factor, three-level Box-Behnken design was used to derive a second-order polynomial equation to construct three-dimensional (3-D) contour plots for prediction of responses. Independent variables studied were the DC-Chol concentration (X(1)), molar ratio of lipid/drug (X(2)), and the polymer concentration (X(3)), and the levels of each factor were low, medium, and high. The dependent variables studied were the encapsulation efficiency (%EE) of PAE (Y(1)), flux of PAE (Y(2)), and viscosity of the gels (Y(3)). Response surface plots were drawn and statistical validity of the polynomials was established to find the compositions of optimized formulation, which was evaluated using the Franz diffusion cell. The %EE of PAE increased proportionally with the molar ratio of lipid/drug, but decreased with polymer concentration, whereas the flux of PAE increased proportionally with polymer concentration and the DC-Chol concentration. The viscosity of gels increased with the polymer concentration. Gels showed a non-Fickian diffusion release mechanism for PAE, and the in vitro release profiles were fit for Higuchi's order model. The design demonstrated the role of the derived polynomial equation and 3-D contour plots in predicting the values of dependent variables for the preparation and optimization of gel formulation for transdermal drug release.
Department of Chinese Materia Medicine, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University , Guangzhou , China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of liposome research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676370
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08982104.2012.690159
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Drug Delivery Systems
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.
The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
The aim of this study was to develop and optimize a transdermal gel formulation for Diclofenac diethylamine (DDEA) and Curcumin (CRM). A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken design was used to derive a secon...
The aim of the current investigation is to develop and statistically optimize nanoethosomes for transdermal valsartan delivery. Box-Behnken experimental design was applied for optimization of nanoetho...
Introduction: In recent years, there has been increased interest in developing charged liposomes as carriers for transdermal drug delivery. It is necessary to modify the basic composition of the lipos...
Transdermal delivery systems are useful in cases where preferred routes such as the oral route are not available. However, low overall extent of delivery is seen due to the permeation barrier posed by...
Introduction: In recent years, nanoemulsions have been investigated as potential drug delivery vehicles for transdermal and dermal delivery of many compounds especially hydrophobic compounds in order...
A multi-center study to evaluate the efficacy of CHADD (Controlled Heat-Assisted Drug Delivery) applied over a 50 mcg/hr ZR-02-01 matrix transdermal fentanyl patch for the treatment of bre...
The objective of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and tolerability of the buprenorphine transdermal system (5, 10, and 20 mg) in comparison to placebo transdermal system and...
A Single Dose Study Investigating the Absorption and Elimination as Well as the Tolerability of Varenicline Transdermal Delivery System (e.g., a Patch) as Compared to Oral Varenicline in Adult Smokers.
1. To evaluate the absorption and elimination of varenicline Formulation A transdermal delivery system [TDS (patch)] compared to varenicline immediate release tablet (CHANTIX®)....
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of clinical procedures on the drug delivery of Fentanyl Transdermal Systems, 25 mcg/h manufactured for Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc....
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of the buprenorphine transdermal system (5, 10, and 20 mg) in comparison to placebo transdermal system in subjects with mod...